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Challenges for Fingerprint Recognition—Spoofing, Skin Diseases, and Environmental Effects

Is Fingerprint Recognition Really so Reliable and Secure?
  • Martin Drahanský
  • Ondřej Kanich
  • Eva Březinová
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition book series (ACVPR)

Abstract

This chapter tries to find answers to the questions whether the fingerprint recognition is really so reliable and secure. The most biometric systems based on fingerprint recognition have very low error rates, but are these error rates really telling us everything about the quality of such a biometric system? What happens when we use spoofs to deceive the biometric system? What happens when the genuine user has any kind of skin disease on his fingertips? And could we acquire a fingerprint with acceptable quality if there are some distortions on a finger or there are some environmental effects influencing the scanning technology? Reading this chapter brings you an introduction of preparation of finger fakes (spoofs), spoof detection methods, summarization of skin diseases and their influence on papillary lines, and finally the environmental effects are discussed at the end.

Keywords

Epidermolysis Bullosa Relative Dielectric Constant Biometric System Latent Fingerprint Secondary Syphilis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic from the National Programme of Sustainability (NPU II); project “IT4Innovations excellence in science”—LQ1602; “New solutions for multimodal biometrics—enhancement of security and reliability of biometric technologies”—COST LD14013 (CZ); “Reliability and Security in IT”—internal Brno University of Technology project FIT-S-14-2486 (CZ).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Drahanský
    • 1
  • Ondřej Kanich
    • 1
  • Eva Březinová
    • 2
  1. 1.Brno University of TechnologyFaculty of Information TechnologyBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.1st Department of Dermatovenereology, St. Anne’s University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine & Masaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic

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