Advertisement

Entrepreneurship, Growth, and Gender

  • Tessa Conroy
  • Stephan WeilerEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)

Abstract

The relationship between the rate of business formation and growth has long been a widely accepted but empirically nearly-neglected foundation in economics. Regional economic analysis creates the possibility of a tractable geographic scope to better capture this relationship. Along with the more recent availability of regional data with the necessary depth and breadth to properly evaluate such a framework, these analyses have finally begun to clarify the clear and often surprising links between entrepreneurship and growth. Some of the most intriguing and promising perspectives come from the additional consideration of gender within this entrepreneurship/growth structure. Women are underrepresented in entrepreneurial initiatives even in the most advanced economies, yet are quickly becoming the dominant new entrants in the highly-skilled segment of the labor force. This labor supply is the likely source of the most innovative entrepreneurial initiatives, with the greatest potential for economic value-added and job creation.

Keywords

Geographical Information System Young Firm Computable General Equilibrium Model Woman Entrepreneur Small Business Loan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Brock W, Durlauf S (2001) Discrete choice with social interactions. Rev Econ Stud 68(2):235–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brock W, Durlauf S (2007) Identification of binary choice models with social interactions. J Econ 140(1):52–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bunten D, Weiler S, Thompson E, Zahran S (2015) Entrepreneurship, information, and growth. J Reg Sci 55(4):560–584. doi: 10.1111/jors.12157 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Conroy T, Low S, Weiler S (2016) Fueling job engines: impacts of small business loans on establishment births in metropolitan and nonmetro counties. Working paperGoogle Scholar
  5. Conroy T, Weiler S (2015) Where are the women entrepreneurs? Business ownership growth by gender across the American urban landscape. Econ Inq 53(4):1872–1892. doi: 10.1111/ecin.12224 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Conroy T, Weiler S (2016) It’s who and what you know: women entrepreneurs, information asymmetries, and economic growth. Working paperGoogle Scholar
  7. Decker R, Haltiwanger J, Jarmin R, Miranda J (2014) The role of entrepreneurship in US job creation and economic dynamism. J Econ Perspect 28(3):3–24. doi: 10.1257/jep.28.3.3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Decker R, Haltiwanger J, Jarmin R, Miranda J (2015) Where has all the skewness gone? The decline in high-growth (young) firms in the U.S. NBER (no 21776)Google Scholar
  9. Haltiwanger J, Jarmin R, Miranda J (2013) Who creates jobs? Small versus large versus young. Rev Econ Stat XCV(2):347–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kilkenny M, Nalbarte L (2000) Network analysis of a community. In: The web book of regional science. Regional Research Institute, WVU. http://www.rri.wvu.edu/WebBook/Kilkenny/editedkeystone.htm
  11. Krugman P (1991) Increasing returns and economic geography. J Polit Econ 99(3):483–499. doi: 10.3386/w3275 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. U.S. Department of Commerce (2010) Women-owned businesses in the 21st century. http://www.esa.doc.gov/reports/women-owned-businesses-21st-century
  13. Weiler S (2000a) Pioneers and settlers in Lo-Do Denver: private risk and public benefits in urban redevelopment. Urban Stud 37(1):167–179. doi: 10.1080/0042098002348 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Weiler S (2000b) Information and market failure in local economic development: a new role for universities? Econ Dev Q 14(2):194–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Weiler S, Conroy T (2014) Colorado innovation report: the state of innovation. Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO. http://innovation.colostate.edu/
  16. Weiler S, Giltner C, Platt T, Totten G, Yeadon M (2012) Colorado innovation report: reaching our innovation summit. Colorado Innovation Network, Denver. http://innovation.colostate.edu/
  17. Weiler S, Hoag D, Fan C-M (2006) Prospecting for economic returns to research: adding informational value at the market fringe. J Reg Sci 46(2):289–311. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-4146.2006.00442.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Center for Community Economic DevelopmentUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison/ExtensionMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

Personalised recommendations