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Catalysis Inside Folded Single Macromolecules in Water

  • Müge Artar
  • Anja R. A. Palmans
Chapter
Part of the Fundamental and Applied Catalysis book series (FACA)

Abstract

Enzymes are dynamic, folded macromolecules with a perfectly defined three-dimensional structure that is highly active and selective in converting substrates into products. In contrast, synthetic polymers typically adopt random coil conformations in dilute solution or, in poor solvents, dense globular structures. Yet, the capability to control the global conformation of a synthetic polymer opened up many new applications that result from a three-dimensional structure. In recent years, a novel class of polymers, dynamic single-chain polymeric nanoparticles (SCPNs), were developed to control global conformations of synthetic polymers. SCPNs result from the thermodynamically controlled folding of synthetic polymers via directional interactions encoded in pendant supramolecular motifs. This marriage between polymer chemistry and supramolecular chemistry afforded a series of compartmentalised, nanometre-sized polymeric particles, which were studied in detail. In this review, we address the folding of an amphiphilic polymer in water around a catalytic centre. We highlight recent results obtained in oxidations, reductions and C–C bond forming reactions with these SCPNs. In addition, we will discuss the benefits of the ordered hydrophobic interior in the SCPNs to achieve selective catalysis in water.

Keywords

Size Exclusion Chromatography Star Polymer Amphiphilic Polymer Reaction Space Control Radical Polymerization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Macromolecular and Organic ChemistryInstitute for Complex Molecular SystemsEindhovenThe Netherlands

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