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Achieving Dietary Change: The Role of the Physician

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Nutrition Guide for Physicians and Related Healthcare Professionals

Part of the book series: Nutrition and Health ((NH))

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Abstract

Healthy People 2020 established a national goal of increasing the proportion of physician office visits that include nutrition counseling or education for patients with a diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or hyperlipidemia, and to increase the proportion of primary-care physicians who regularly measure the body mass index of their patients (https://www.healthypeople.gov). Early intervention by medical providers has the potential to have an enormous impact on disease prevention, mitigation of disease progression, improving the quality of life of patients, and decreasing healthcare expenditures. Inclusion of nutritional status as a routine component of care heightens patients’ awareness of the critical link between diet and health and enhances the credibility of the healthcare professional in addressing nutrition-related issues. Engagement of health professionals, government and the community sectors is necessary to support individuals and families in making healthy diet and physical activity choices (http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines).

This chapter provides guidance on techniques and tools for optimizing the delivery of nutrition assessment, counseling, and referral in a busy primary-care practice setting.

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Suggested Further Reading

  • Dietz WH, Baur LA, Hall K, Puhl RM, Taveras EM, Uauy R, Kopelman P. Management of obesity: improvement of health-care training and systems for prevention and care. Lancet. 2015;385:2521–33.

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  • Miller WR, Rollnick S. Motivational interviewing: helping people change. 3rd ed. New York: Gilford Press; 2013. http://www.motivationalinterviewing.org

    Google Scholar 

  • http://www.obesitynetwork.ca/resources-pro. The Canadian Obesity Network provides tool kits for front-line interdisciplinary providers to aid the implementation of 5As of obesity management in primary care addressing adults, pediatrics, and healthy pregnancy.

  • Vine M, Hargreaves MB, Briefel RR, Orfield C. Expanding the role of primary care in the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity: a review of clinic- and community-based recommendations and interventions. J Obes. 2013;2013:172035.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • http://win.niddk.nih.gov/index.htm. The Weight-control Information Network (WIN).

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Correspondence to Joanne M. Spahn M.S., R.D., F.A.D.A. .

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Spahn, J.M. (2017). Achieving Dietary Change: The Role of the Physician. In: Temple, N., Wilson, T., Bray, G. (eds) Nutrition Guide for Physicians and Related Healthcare Professionals. Nutrition and Health. Humana Press, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49929-1_31

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49929-1_31

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