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Solar Energy Harvesting in Electro Mobility

Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Energy book series (LNEN, volume 37)

Abstract

Based on the experiences of five solar cars designed and manufactured in 11 years, participations in establishments of solar charging stations and local solar power plant projects, this chapter involves modeling energy harvesting and storing parts of solar cars, differences between maximum power point tracker topologies in implementations, the structures of brushless direct current motors (BLDCMs) and batteries as loads and the similarities of brushless direct current motors; briefly, solar energy harvesting for electro mobility. Light weight is one of the keys for efficiency in electro mobility. This enforces implementations of new technologies in manufacturing light weight electric vehicles. The end of the first section of this chapter is about using polymer composites in manufacturing process of solar cars. On the other hand, if energy harvesting should be separated from the vehicle, modular on or off-grid solar charging stations might be an efficient solution and an implementation of this type of energy harvesting is presented in the second section of this chapter. The last section in this chapter is about hybrid off-grid systems which also includes smart solutions. Implementations of this chapter are manufacturing process chassis and body of a solar car using polymer composites, a model of an off-grid PV charging station for electric vehicles (EVs) in a campus area, electrical units of a solar car for World Solar Challenge.

Keywords

Solar car Solar system modeling Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (SAPV) Brushless Direct Current Motors (BLDCMs) Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (VARTM) 

Abbreviation and Acronyms

AM

Air Mass

BLDCM

Brushless Direct Current Motor

CAD

Computer Aided Design

EMF

Electromotive Force

EV

Electric Vehicle

HAWT

Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines

ICE

Internal Combustion Engine

MPPT

Maximum Power Point Tracker

NOCT

Normal Operating Cell Temperature

PEM

Proton Exchange Membrane

P&O

Perturb & Observe

PV

Photovoltaic

SAPV

Stand-Alone Photovoltaic

SC

Solar Car

SCRIMP

Seemann Composites Resin Infusion Moulding Process

SOC

State of Charge

STC

Standard Test Conditions

VARTM/VARIM

Vacuum Assisted Resin Infusion Moulding

VAWT

Vertical Axis Wind Turbines

VBRTM

Vacuum Bag Resin Transfer Moulding

WT

Wind Turbine

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author would like to thank Osman Korkut, Eren Gül for their technical support and valuable discussions; Yusuf Can Arslan, Umut Bozok, Hasan Çekem for their help in analyzing the energy need of a solar car in challenge and each member of Team Solaris project generations for their great effort of working days and nights to manufacture five solar cars and four electric vehicles. The support of sponsors into Solaris Projects during 2004–2016 years are gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Automatic Control and Robotics Laboratories, Department of Mechanical EngineeringDokuz Eylul UniversityIzmirTurkey

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