Renal Tuberculosis

  • Salvatore Rocca Rossetti
Chapter

Abstract

Since 1967, renal tuberculosis has become less frequent and, as a result, surgery rare. In fact, compared to 15 years ago, there has been an increase in mild cases and conservative treatments. Renal and urogenital tuberculosis are always secondary or metastatic compared to pulmonary localization. The incidence of tuberculosis (TBC) among nations varies from 2 % to 20 % of the population, with an increase in proportion from industrialized to underdeveloped countries, where this infectious disease represents a real sanitary emergency. Comparative statistics from various institutions including the Health Ministry and National Institute of Statistics show a clear decrease in cases of TBC over the last 30 years, but they are not indicative of the situation regarding the urogenital localization of the disease, since non-infectious forms were not recognized for many decades after more general infectious TBC. Presumably the extra-pulmonary forms of TBC and, consequently the urogenital forms, have seen little increase in recent years. Among other things, renal TBC follows the first pulmonary or nodal infection by 15 or more years. This would explain at least partially the gap between the discovery of the two forms of infection.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salvatore Rocca Rossetti
    • 1
  1. 1.Urology DepartmentUniversity of TurinTurinItaly

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