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HIV Prevention and Intervention in the School Setting

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Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to discuss HIV prevention and intervention in the school setting. We focus not only on the impact of HIV on students infected with or affected by the disease but also on the importance of developmentally appropriate and comprehensive school-based HIV education. Using a three-tiered model, we describe school-related HIV issues within the following contexts: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention.

Keywords

HIV AIDS Youth Students Education School settings Interventions 

Annotated Bibliography

  1. CDC. (2015). Schools play a key role in HIV/STD and teen pregnancy prevention. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/features/hivstdprevention/
  2. This website provides background information on the importance of schools in preventing HIV/STD and teen pregnancy. Suggestions on how schools can support HIV and STD prevention and testing are described. The article concludes by giving a brief overview of the funding and assistance offered by the CDC.Google Scholar
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  4. This chapter begins with an overview of HIV including prevalence and incidence, transmission, symptoms, and treatment. Basic considerations regarding legal issues and professional standards are described. Lastly, the chapter outlines best practices for responding to HIV in the school setting using a multi-tiered services model.Google Scholar
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  6. This position statement contains examples of prevention and intervention efforts that schools should take including safety precautions as well as HIV/AIDS education for students, school personnel, and parents. Interventions need to consider confidentiality/legal issues and focus on psychoeducation and psychosocial factors. Disclosure, bereavement, and research/training issues are also discussed.Google Scholar
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  8. This website offers an overview of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States: Updated to 2020. The vision is for the United States to become a place where HIV rarely occurs and when it does occur there is adequate care. The goals and indicators of progress toward goals are described.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of South FloridaTampaUSA
  2. 2.University of South Florida St. PetersburgSt. PetersburgUSA

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