Applications to Fossil Fuel Processes



The use of global chemical kinetics to model petroleum formation and primary migration, oil shale retorting, coal liquefaction, and coal combustion is described. The history of reasonable prediction of petroleum generation is reviewed, including how the qualitative models developed in the 1970s were transformed into quantitative models in the 1980s. Differences in geological oil generation temperatures for different kerogen types are shown, as well as the coupling between oil and gas retention by kerogen and the resulting effects of fractionation and secondary reactions. Similarities and differences between oil shale retorting below and above ground are reviewed, including how the competition between heat transfer and chemical reactions affects product yields and quality. Current efforts on coal liquefaction and modeling of pulverized coal combustion are described briefly.


Basin modeling Petroleum system modeling Petroleum formation Primary migration Petroleum expulsion Pepper-Corvi model Easy%Ro Oil shale retorting In-situ retorting Ex-situ retorting Coal liquefaction Fischer-Tropsch Coal combustion 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LivermoreUSA

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