Classification and Characterization



The main types of sedimentary organic matter are described, including how they transform from one form to another during progressive burial in the subsurface and how they have been categorized over the past century. The historical usage of coal, bitumen, oil and natural gas is summarized from prehistoric times to the present. Characterization methods are reviewed, including optical, spectroscopic, elemental analysis, pyrolysis, and chromatographic methods.


Coal Kerogen Bitumen Pyrobitumen Petroleum Oil shale Shale oil Natural gas Vitrinite reflectance Pyrolysis Rock-Eval Kerogen type Van krevelen diagram Biomarkers 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LivermoreUSA

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