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Decentralized Control for Power Distribution with Ancillary Lines in the Smart Grid

  • Michele Roncalli
  • Alessandro FarinelliEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 179)

Abstract

Energy management is a key topic for today’s society, and a crucial challenge is to shift from a production system based on fossil fuel to sustainable energy. A key ingredients for this important step is the use of a highly automated power delivery network, where intelligent devices can communicate and collaborate to optimize energy management.

This paper investigates a specific model for smart power grids initially proposed by Zdeborov and colleagues [12] where back up power lines connect a subset of loads to generators so to meet the demand of the whole network. Specifically, we extend such model to minimize \(CO_{2}\) emissions related to energy production.

In more detail, we propose a formalization for this problem based on the Distributed Constraint Optimization Problem (DCOP) framework and a solution approach based on the min-sum algorithm. We empirically evaluate our approach on a set of benchmarking power grid instances comparing our proposed solution to simulated annealing. Our results, shows that min-sum favorably compares with simulated annealing and it represents a promising solution method for this model.

Keywords

Smart grid Decentralized constraint optimization Factor graphs 

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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computer Science DepartmentUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly

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