Skip to main content

Conventional Lube Base Stock

  • Chapter

Part of the Springer Handbooks book series (SHB)


This chapter reviews the basic unit processes in modern conventional lube manufacturing. As this is a large subject area, this chapter will focus on giving the reader an overview of the major processes most frequently found in the lube-manufacturing plant. It will neither cover all technologies or processes nor will it discuss detailed plant design and operation as this would easily require another book. The reader should come away with a general understanding of the conventional lube-manufacturing process and key factors affecting the unit processes.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-49347-3_33
  • Chapter length: 57 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
USD   269.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-49347-3
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   349.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 33.1
Fig. 33.2
Fig. 33.3
Fig. 33.4
Fig. 33.5
Fig. 33.6
Fig. 33.7
Fig. 33.8
Fig. 33.9
Fig. 33.10
Fig. 33.11
Fig. 33.12
Fig. 33.13a,b
Fig. 33.14a–c
Fig. 33.15a–c
Fig. 33.16
Fig. 33.17
Fig. 33.18
Fig. 33.19
Fig. 33.20a,b
Fig. 33.21
Fig. 33.22
Fig. 33.23
Fig. 33.24
Fig. 33.25
Fig. 33.26
Fig. 33.27a–c
Fig. 33.28a,b
Fig. 33.29a,b
Fig. 33.30
Fig. 33.31a,b
Fig. 33.32
Fig. 33.33
Fig. 33.34
Fig. 33.35
Fig. 33.36
Fig. 33.37a,b
Fig. 33.38
Fig. 33.39
Fig. 33.40
Fig. 33.41
Fig. 33.42
Fig. 33.43
Fig. 33.44a–g
Fig. 33.45
Fig. 33.46a,b
Fig. 33.47a–e
Fig. 33.48
Fig. 33.49
Fig. 33.50a–d
Fig. 33.51
Fig. 33.52
Fig. 33.53
Fig. 33.54
Fig. 33.55
Fig. 33.56
Fig. 33.57
Fig. 33.58
Fig. 33.59
Fig. 33.60
Fig. 33.61
Fig. 33.62
Fig. 33.63
Fig. 33.64
Fig. 33.65
Fig. 33.66
Fig. 33.67
Fig. 33.68
Fig. 33.69
Fig. 33.70


  1. API: API-1509 Engine Oil Licensing and Certification System Appendix E, 17th edn. (American Petroleum Institute, Washington DC 2012)

    Google Scholar 

  2. B.C. Deane: Base oil quality. In: Downstream, Modern Petroleum Technology, Vol. 2 (Wiley, Chichester 2000), Chap. 25

    Google Scholar 

  3. J.D. Bushnell, R.J. Fiocco: Engineering aspects of the Exol N lube extraction process. In: 1980 Proc. – Refin. Dep. Am. Pet. Inst., Vol. 59 (1980) pp. 159–167

    Google Scholar 

  4. B.M. Sankey: A new lubricants extraction process, Can. J. Chem. Eng. 63, 3–7 (1985)

    CAS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. M.B. Davis, D.S. McCaffrey, R.R. Savory: The EXOL N extraction process – Flexibility and high efficiency to meet modern lubes product requirements. In: Advances in Production and Application of Lube Base Stocks, Indian Institute of Petroleum (McGraw-Hill, New Delhi 1994) pp. 24–32

    Google Scholar 

  6. D.A. Gudelis, B.M. Sankey, J.D. Bushnell: EXOL N: New lubricants extraction process. In: Proc. Tenth World Pet. Congr., Vol. 4 (1979) pp. 407–414

    Google Scholar 

  7. R.J. Fiocco: Development of the cascade weir tray for extraction. In: New Dev. Liq.-Liq. Extr., AIChE Symp. Ser., ISEC 83, Vol. 80 (1984) pp. 89–93

    Google Scholar 

  8. V.A. Citarella, E.A. Ruibal, S. Zaczepinski, B.E. Beasley: Crystallization technique to simplify dewaxing, Pet. Technol. Q. Q1, 37–40 (2000)

    Google Scholar 

  9. R.R. Savory: Base oil processes. In: Downstream, Modern Petroleum Technology, Vol. 2 (Wiley, Chichester 2000), Chap. 11

    Google Scholar 

  10. D.A. Gudelis, J.D. Bushnell, J.F. Eagen: Improvements in dewaxing technology, API Proc. Div. Refin. 53, 725–737 (1973)

    Google Scholar 

  11. D.A. Gudelis, J.F. Eagen, J.D. Bushnell: New route to better wax, Hydrocarb. Process. 52(9), 141–146 (1973)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. J.D. Bushnell, J.F. Eagan: Commercial experience with DILCHILL™ dewaxing. In: NPRA Fuels Lubr. Meet. 1975, Houston (1975), paper F&L-75-50

    Google Scholar 

  13. J.F. Eagen, D.A. Gudelis, D.H. Shaw, J. Walker: Successful development of two new lubricating oil dewaxing processes. In: Proc. Ninth World Pet. Congr., Vol. 5 (Applied Science, London 1975) pp. 345–357

    Google Scholar 

  14. R.M. Butler, J.L. Tiedje: The washing of wax filter cakes, Can. J. Technol. 3(1), 455–467 (1957)

    Google Scholar 

Download references


Special thanks to ExxonMobil employees and annuitants: Bob Aupperlee, Doug Boate, Joe Boyle, Mike Davis, Ken Del Rossi, Sasha Glivicky, Dave Mentzer, Chuck Quinlan, Evelino Ruibal, Dave Sinclair, Bernie Slade, and Howard Spencer and to Armstrong and Borsig Scraped Surface Equipment suppliers.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Beasley, B.E. (2017). Conventional Lube Base Stock. In: Hsu, C.S., Robinson, P.R. (eds) Springer Handbook of Petroleum Technology. Springer Handbooks. Springer, Cham.

Download citation