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Cannabinoids as Regulators of Neural Development and Adult Neurogenesis

  • Alline C. CamposEmail author
  • Juan Paraíso-Luna
  • Manoela V. Fogaça
  • Francisco S. Guimarães
  • Ismael Galve-Roperh
Chapter
Part of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine book series (STEMCELL)

Abstract

Neurogenesis plays an indispensable role in the formation of the nervous system during development. The discovery that the adult brain still maintains neurogenic niches that allow the continued production of new cells after birth has changed the field of neuroscience. It has also opened a new venue of opportunities for the treatment of central nervous system disorders related to neuronal loss. This chapter has reviewed the studies showing that genetic or pharmacological manipulation of cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) or the enzymes responsible for endocannabinoid metabolism modify/regulate cell proliferation and neurogenesis during development and in the adult brain. A better characterization of the mechanisms involved in these effects could contribute to the development of new therapeutic alternatives to neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders.

Keywords

Neurogenesis Neurodevelopment Subventricular zone Hippocampus Cannabinoids 

Abbreviations

2-AG

2-arachidonoylglycerol

AEA

Anandamide

Ca2+

Calcium

CB1

Cannabinoid receptor type 1

CB2

Cannabinoid receptor type 2

CBD

Cannabidiol

DAGL

Diacylglycerol lipase

DG

Dentate gyrus

E/I

Excitation/inhibition

ECB

Endocannabinoids

MAGL

Monoacylglycerol lipase

NP

Neural progenitor

SGZ

Subgranular zone

SVZ

Subventricular zone

THC

Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Franciele Scarante for her technical support on design and graphic art of Figs. 6.1 and 6.3, and members of our research groups for an inspiring scientific environment. ACC and FSG are recipients of FAPESP grants. IGR research is funded by PI15-00310, RTC-2015-3364-1, and S2011-BMD-2336 supported by the Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Mineco (Plan Estatal de I+D+i 2013-2016) and Comunidad de Madrid. Research was cofinanced by the European Development Regional Fund “A way to achieve Europe” (ERDF). JPL is a recipient of FPU (Ministerio de Educación) fellowship. MVF is recipient of a CAPES fellowship.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alline C. Campos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Juan Paraíso-Luna
    • 2
    • 3
  • Manoela V. Fogaça
    • 1
  • Francisco S. Guimarães
    • 1
  • Ismael Galve-Roperh
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyMedical School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ISchool of Biology, Complutense University, and Neurochemistry Universitary Research InstituteMadridSpain
  3. 3.CIBERNED, Center for Networked Biomedical Research in Neurodegenerative DiseasesMadridSpain

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