Advertisement

The Rise and Fall of the Wonder Okinawa Digital Archive: Comparing Japanese and American Conceptualizations of Digital Archives

  • Andrew Wertheimer
  • Noriko Asato
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10075)

Abstract

This paper examines the development of what once was Japan’s largest local digital archive, Wonder Okinawa, created in 2003. It collected a diverse view of Okinawa’s cultural properties as a treasure house for future generations. It was created under the banner of establishing an Okinawan “brand” to promote tourism, and to nurture human resources, so that Okinawa could foster a hub of IT industries. In the early 2000s, the national government envisioned digital archives as part of its scheme to become a highly networked society, as the means to address social problems, such as the low birthrate, graying population, and shrinking workforce. The digital archive project spearheaded the government’s effort. However, the $13.5 millon project was dismantled less than a decade after its spectacular debut. The paper analyzes the causes of the failure and explores some key differences between the conceptual model of digital archives in Japan and North America.

Keywords

Digital archives Regional digital archives E-Japan strategy Intellectual property Cultural preservation Funding digital archives Regional identity 

References

  1. 1.
    The operation of Wonder Okinawa began in 2003 and was dismantled in 2011Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Okinawa Prefecture. Encyclopedia of Japan. Accessed 22 Mar 2016Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tominaga, K.: A Decisive Absence: A Dissenter’s View on the Archival Strategy in Japan. Japan-U.S. Archives Seminar (2007). http://www.archivists.org/publications/proceedings/accesstoarchives/05_Tominaga_KAZUYA.pdf. Accessed 5 Aug 2015
  4. 4.
    Statistics Japan, Annual Rate of Unemployment (2010). http://stats-japan.com/t/kiji/11187. Accessed 9 Aug 2015
  5. 5.
    Kanto ICT Promotion NPO Liaison Council. デジタルアーカイブまちづくり事例集 [Case Studies on Digital Archives for Building Communities] (2009). http://www.soumu.go.jp/soutsu/kanto/ai/npo/hokokusho/h210603.pdf. Accessed 5 June 2015
  6. 6.
    IT Strategic Headquarters. e-Japan Priority Policy Program Outlines (2001). https://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/it2/dai3/jyuten/0329sum8.html. Accessed 1 July 2015
  7. 7.
    IT Strategic Headquarters. e-Japan Priority Plan-2002 (2002). https://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/it2/kettei/020618-2-1.html. Accessed 1 July 2015
  8. 8.
    Cabinet Office, Government of Japan. 沖縄振興特別措置法に基づく沖縄の特区・地域制度について [Special district, area policy of Okinawa based on the Okinawa promotion special measures law]. http://www8.cao.go.jp/okinawa/seisaku/okishinhou/2014kaisei/toc.html. Accessed 1 July 2015
  9. 9.
    Media and Content Industry Division, Commerce and Information Policy Bureau, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. デジタルアーカイブと地域産業振興について [Digital archives and promotion of local industry] (2002). http://www.meti.go.jp/policy/media_contents/downloadfiles/0406archives.pdf. Accessed 5 June 2015
  10. 10.
    Kageyama, K.: デジタルアーカイブ羅針盤 [Digital archive compass] (2010). http://www.infocom.co.jp/das/column/column1/column1.html. Accessed 19 July 2015
  11. 11.
    NPO Regional Culture Digital Archives. “当法人設立の趣旨 [Purpose of the organization]. http://www.digital-museum.gr.jp/outline/talk.html. Accessed 10 June 2015
  12. 12.
    Kasaba, H.: “デジタルアーカイブの歴史的考察 [A historical study of digital archives].” 映像情報メディア学会誌 J. Inst. Image Inf. Televis. Eng. 11, 1547 (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kawakami, K., Okabe, Y., Suzuki, S.: Web 上の地域映像アーカイブの調査と検証:デジタルアーカイブズの持続性に着目して = A Study in Communal Image Archive on Web: Focused on Sustainability of Digital Archives, 情報知識学会誌 [J. Inf. Knowl.] 21(2), 249 (2011). Accessed 25 Mar 2016Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kasaba, H.: デジタルアーカイブ整備の近年の動向 [Present Sate of Development of Digital Archives]. Current Awareness Portal. http://current.ndl.go.jp/node/17888 Accessed 28 Feb 2015
  15. 15.
    Wonder 沖縄 [Wonder Okinawa]. Wonder 沖縄とは [What is Wonder Okinawa]. via Web Archiving Project (WARP). http://warp.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/261751/www.wonder-okinawa.jp/jp/wonder.html. Accessed 25 May 2015
  16. 16.
    Denshi Shoko ni Okinawa o Marugoto [Contain the entire Okinawa in an digital archive], Ryukyu Shimpo (morning edition). The Ryukyu Shimpo Newspaper database (2003)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    電子図書館、IT振興設備が事業復活 [Digital library, promotion of IT business resumed]. Ryukyu Shimpo (2001). http://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/storyid-110358-storytopic-86.html. Accessed 7 June 2015
  18. 18.
    Toguchi, A.: Okinawa Degitaru Akaibu ga Huhyo [Okinawa digital archives is unpopular]. The Okinawa: Tourism News, 625, December 2002. http://www.sokuhou.co.jp/backno/625.html. Accessed 28 Feb 2015
  19. 19.
    22日に構想案決定 [The plan was made on the 22nd]. Ryukyu Shimpo (morning edition). The Ryukyu Shimpo Newspaper database (2002)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    伝統を電子化し継承 [Inherit Tradition via Digitization]. Ryukyu Shimpo (morning edition). The Ryukyu Shimpo Newspaper database (May 18, 2002)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    地元業者の活用を [Use local businesses]. Ryukyu Shimpo (morning edition). The Ryukyu Shimpo Newspaper database (2002)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    観光振興やIT支援 [Tourism promotion and IT support] Ryukyu Shimpo (morning edition). The Ryukyu Shimpo Newspaper database (2002)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    “デジタルアーカイブ [Digital archive] Ryukyu Shimpo (morning edition). The Ryukyu Shimpo Newspaper database (2002)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    空手・古武術の撮影開始 [Karate, martial arts video shooting started]. Ryukyu Shimpo (morning edition). The Ryukyu Shimpo Newspaper database (2002)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    DVD配布など利活用案を承認 [DVD and other usage plans approved]. Ryukyu Shimpo (morning edition). The Ryukyu Shimpo Newspaper database (2002)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    三企業体参加辞退 [Three corporations withdrawn from participation]. Okinawa Times (morning edition). The Okinawa Times Newspaper database (2002)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Japan Association of Audiovisual Producers. 沖縄デジタルアーカイブの契約条件について [About the contract of the Okinawa digital archives]. http://www.eibunren.or.jp/wordpress/?page_id=858. Accessed 25 May 2015
  28. 28.
    Toguchi. Okinawa Degitaru AkaibuGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Keijiban, K.: 観光情報プラットホームの問題点 (1)-(3) [Problems with Tourism Information Platform (1)-(3)]” originally from観光とけいざい [Tourism and economics] 661, excerpts from reporters round-table talk (2004). http://ie.u-ryukyu.ac.jp/~tnal/kanko/index.php?%B4%D1%B8%A6%B7%C7%BC%A8%C8%C4%2F12. Accessed 28 Feb 2015
  30. 30.
    “電子書庫に沖縄を丸ごと [The entire Okinawa in the digital archives],” Ryukyu Shimpo (morning edition). The Ryukyu Shimpo Newspaper database (2003)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    “デジタルアーカイブアウォードを受賞 [Received the digital archive award],” Ryukyu Shimpo (morning edition). The Ryukyu Shimpo Newspaper database (2003)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    “沖縄チームに特別賞 [Special award to the Okinawa team],” Ryukyu Shimpo (morning edition). The Ryukyu Shimpo Newspaper database (2003)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Letter “Okinawa Digital Archive Project Contract Terms (Response)” Aug. 29, 2002, from Dept. of Commerce and Labor, Yoritaka Hanashiro to Association of Audio Visual Producers, Chiyuki Umehara and Tadashi Okubo. http://www.eibunren.or.jp/wordpress/pdf/okinawa02.pdf. Accessed 20 Feb 2016
  34. 34.
    Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. Japanese Bayh-Dole Act. http://www.meti.go.jp/policy/innovation_policy/bayh-dole.pdf. Accessed 24 Mar 2016
  35. 35.
    コンテンツの創造、保護及び活用の促進に関する法律 [Promotion of the Creation, Protection and Utilization of Content Act],” Law No. 81 of 2004. http://law.e-gov.go.jp/htmldata/H16/H16HO081.html. Accessed 24 Mar 2016
  36. 36.
    Corrado, E.M., Moulaison, H.L.: Digital Preservation for Libraries, Archives, & Museums. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham (2014)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Ghaznavi, M., Bishoff, L.: Standards for Digital Archives. Presentation Handout. Society of American Archivists Webinar (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Library and Information Science ProgramUniversity of HawaiiHonoluluUSA

Personalised recommendations