A Visualization of Relationships Among Papers Using Citation and Co-citation Information

  • Yu Nakano
  • Toshiyuki ShimizuEmail author
  • Masatoshi Yoshikawa
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10075)


When we conduct scholarly surveys, we occasionally encounter difficulties in grasping the vast amount of related papers. Because academic papers have relationships, such as citing and cited relationships, we considered utilizing them for supporting scholarly surveys. In this paper, we propose a method for visualizing relationships among papers, and we construct paper graphs using two types of relationships, namely, citation and co-citation. Moreover, we quantify the strengths of citations and co-citations based on their frequency and the positions of co-citations, and show both types of relationships together in a graph. We constructed paper graphs using papers in the database field and discussed their usefulness.


Scholarly survey Co-citation analysis Citation graph 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Nakano
    • 1
  • Toshiyuki Shimizu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Masatoshi Yoshikawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of InformaticsKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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