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What’s Behind the Obesity Epidemic

  • Carlotta Pozza
  • Andrea M. IsidoriEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Obesity is defined as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat that may impair health, and it is a chronic disease that is increasing in prevalence [1]. It is now no exaggeration to state that obesity is an international epidemic. Moreover, it is no longer a disorder of the adult since obesity prevalence in children has accelerated rapidly. The etiology of obesity is multifactorial, involving a complex interaction among genetics, hormones, and the environment.Obesity is associated with increased risk of comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory disorders, infertility, some forms of cancers, psychological and social problems and functional limitations, which can have a substantial, negative impact on quality of life; The risk of these comorbidities increases with further increase in BMI. The treatment of obesity and associated comorbidity is causing significant cost on the healthcare system.

Keywords

Edmonton Obesity Staging System (EOSS) Obstructive Sleep Apnea Angiopoietin-like Protein (ANGPTL2) Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase (NAmPT) Polycystic Ovary Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Experimental MedicineSapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

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