Machine-Understandable and Processable Representation of UNECE Standards for Meat. Bovine Meat - Carcases and Cuts Case Study

  • Robert TrypuzEmail author
  • Piotr Kulicki
  • Przemysław Grądzki
  • Rafał Trójczak
  • Jerzy Wierzbicki
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 672)


The paper offers a semantic representation of one of the sixteen UNECE standards for meat. The content of the standard is briefly presented in a natural language. Then, the methodology is discussed. Simple Knowledge Organisation System (SKOS) is chosen as the basis of the representation. A limited number of ontological object properties extending SKOS are used to represent relations among beef cuts such as the relation of being prepared from. The advantages of the representation are discussed, especially the possibility of the use of reasoning mechanisms, as well as its flexibility and robustness. This paper also sketches a vision of a larger project aimed at semantic representation of all UNECE meat standards and their joining into a network of Web vocabularies such as and GS1. A web application to browse the UNCECE standard for beef and SPARQL endpoint to query it are also provided.


Ontology UNECE meat standards E-commerce trade standards Bovine meat Beef cut 



We would like to thank Dagmara Siek for her help in the initial phase of building the semantic representation of UNECE standard for beef.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Trypuz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Piotr Kulicki
    • 1
  • Przemysław Grądzki
    • 1
  • Rafał Trójczak
    • 1
  • Jerzy Wierzbicki
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of PhilosophyThe John Paul II Catholic University of LublinLublinPoland
  2. 2.Polish Beef AssociationWarszawaPoland

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