Advertisement

Sharing Linked Open Data over Peer-to-Peer Distributed File Systems: The Case of IPFS

  • Miguel-Angel SiciliaEmail author
  • Salvador Sánchez-Alonso
  • Elena García-Barriocanal
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 672)

Abstract

Linked Open Data (LOD) is a method of publishing machine-readable open data so that it can be interlinked and become more useful through semantic querying. The decentralized nature of the current LOD cloud relies on location-specific services, which is known to result in problems of availability and broken links. Current approaches to peer-to-peer (P2P) decentralized file systems could be used to support better availability and performance and provide permanent data, while preserving LOD principles. Applications would also benefit from mechanisms that ensure that LOD entities are permanent and immutable, independently of their original publishers. This paper outlines a first prototype design of LOD over the Interplanetary File System (IPFS), a P2P system based on Merkel DAGs and a content-addressed block storage model. The fundamental ideas on that implementation are discussed and an example implementation on the early version of IPFS is described, showing the feasibility of such approach and its main differentiating features.

Keywords

IPFS Linked Open Data P2P file systems 

References

  1. 1.
    Alexander, K., Hausenblas, M.: Describing linked datasets-on the design and usage of VoID, the vocabulary of interlinked datasets. In: Linked Data on the Web Workshop (LDOW 2009), in Conjunction with 18th International World Wide Web Conference (WWW 2009) (2009)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Benet, J.: IPFS-Content Addressed, Versioned, P2P File System. arXiv preprint arXiv:1407.3561 (2014)
  3. 3.
    Bizer, C., Heath, T., Berners-Lee, T.: Linked data-the story so far. In: Emerging Concepts, Semantic Services, Interoperability and Web Applications, pp. 205–227 (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cabello, F., Franco, M.G., Haché, A.: The social web beyond ‘Walled Gardens’: interoperability, federation and the case of Lorea/n-1. PsychNology J. 11(1), 43–65 (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fernández, J. D., Polleres, A., Umbrich, J.: Towards efficient archiving of dynamic linked open data. In: Proceedings of DIACHRON, pp. 34–49 (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gonzalez, J.E., Xin, R.S., Dave, A., Crankshaw, D., Franklin, M.J., Stoica, I.: Graph processing in a distributed dataflow framework. In: 11th USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation (OSDI 2014), pp. 599–613 (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Haslhofer, B., Isaac, A.: Data.europeana.eu: The Europeana Linked Open Data pilot. In International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, pp. 94–104 (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hausenblas, M., Karnstedt, M.: Understanding linked open data as a web-scale database. In: 2010 Second International Conference on Advances in Databases Knowledge and Data Applications (DBKDA), pp. 56–61. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Janssen, M., Charalabidis, Y., Zuiderwijk, A.: Benefits, adoption barriers and myths of open data and open government. Inf. Syst. Manag. 29(4), 258–268 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Johnson, J.A.: From open data to information justice. Ethics Inf. Technol. 16(4), 263–274 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Khayyat, M., Bannister, F.: Open data licensing: more than meets the eye. Inf. Polity 20(4), 231–252 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Konstantinou, N., Spanos, D.E.: Methodologies and software tools. In: Materializing the Web of Linked Data, pp. 51–71. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland (2015)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Langille, M.G., Eisen, J.A.: BioTorrents: a file sharing service for scientific data. PLoS One 5(4), e10071 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lanthaler, M., Gtl, C.: On using JSON-LD to create evolvable RESTful services. In: Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on RESTful Design, pp. 25–32. ACM (2012)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu, G., Shen, H., Ward, L.: An efficient and trustworthy P2P and social network integrated file sharing system. IEEE Trans. Comput. 64(1), 54–70 (2015)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Missier, P., Belhajjame, K., Cheney, J.: The W3C PROV family of specifications for modelling provenance metadata. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Extending Database Technology, pp. 773–776. ACM (2013)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rajabi, E., SanchezAlonso, S., Sicilia, M.A.: Analyzing broken links on the web of data: an experiment with DBpedia. J. Assoc. Inf. Sci. Technol. 65(8), 1721–1727 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Schmachtenberg, M., Bizer, C., Paulheim, H.: Adoption of the linked data best practices in different topical domains. In: Mika, P., Tudorache, T., Bernstein, A., Welty, C., Knoblock, C., Vrandečić, D., Groth, P., Noy, N., Janowicz, K., Goble, C. (eds.) ISWC 2014. LNCS, vol. 8796, pp. 245–260. Springer, Heidelberg (2014). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-11964-9_16 Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wong, A., Liu, V., Caelli, W., Sahama, T.: An architecture for trustworthy open data services. In: Jensen, C.D., Marsh, S., Dimitrakos, T., Murayama, Y. (eds.) Trust Management IX. IFIP, pp. 149–162. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland (2015)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zaveri, A., Rula, A., Maurino, A., Pietrobon, R., Lehmann, J., Auer, S.: Quality assessment for linked data: a survey. Semant. Web 7(1), 63–93 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zuiderwijk, A., Janssen, M.: Open data policies, their implementation and impact: a framework for comparison. Govern. Inf. Q. 31(1), 17–29 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miguel-Angel Sicilia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Salvador Sánchez-Alonso
    • 1
  • Elena García-Barriocanal
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Science DepartmentUniversity of AlcaláAlcalá de HenaresSpain

Personalised recommendations