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Olive Genetic Resources

  • Angjelina BelajEmail author
  • Melek Gurbuz Veral
  • Hassane Sikaoui
  • Abdelmajid Moukhli
  • Bouchaib Khadari
  • Roberto Mariotti
  • Luciana Baldoni
Chapter
Part of the Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)

Abstract

As one of the most important and ancient fruit crops in the Mediterranean Basin, olive is characterized by a huge genetic patrimony, represented by cultivated and wild germplasm, ancient trees and related forms. The richness of this germplasm represents an unusual case among horticultural crops, due to species longevity, lack of new better performing genotypes, and the millennial tradition of cultivation. Focusing on a wide spectrum of genetic resources, their conservation, characterization, and management, this chapter tries to give an insight into the achievements and the necessities of this type of works in olive. Knowledge of existing diversity among the olive genetic resources is essential to maximize their conservation, safeguard, and exploitation.

Keywords

Genetic diversity Germplasm Cultivars Collection Wild olives 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angjelina Belaj
    • 1
    Email author
  • Melek Gurbuz Veral
    • 2
  • Hassane Sikaoui
    • 3
  • Abdelmajid Moukhli
    • 3
  • Bouchaib Khadari
    • 4
  • Roberto Mariotti
    • 5
  • Luciana Baldoni
    • 5
  1. 1.IFAPA, Centro “Alameda Del Obispo”CordobaSpain
  2. 2.Olive Research InstituteUniversite Cad. No 43Bornova, IzmirTurkey
  3. 3.INRA Marrakech, UR Amélioration des PlantesMenara, MarrakechMorocco
  4. 4.INRA, UMR 1334 Amelioration Genetique et Adaptation des Plantes Mediterraneennes et Tropicales (AGAP)MontpellierFrance
  5. 5.CNR—Institute of Biosciences and BioresourcesPerugiaItaly

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