Advertisement

REWAS 2013 pp 414-422 | Cite as

Development of Efficient Recycling System for Steel Alloying Elements in End of Life Vehicles

  • Hajime Ohno
  • Kazuyo Matsubae
  • Kenichi Nakajima
  • Shinichiro Nakamura
  • Testsuya Nagasaka

Abstract

Special steels, which have been imparted various properties by the addition of alloying elements, have become increasingly important as materials for human life in recent years. As the largest industrial consumer of special steel materials, the motor vehicle industry requires large volumes of various types of special steel for vehicle production. Scrap containing base metals and alloying elements is generated from end-of-life vehicles (ELVs). In current scrap treatment processes, alloying elements in steel materials are rarely considered, instead becoming impurities in steel recycling processes at electric arc furnaces (EAF) and losing their worth.

In this study, with the aim of avoiding loss of useful steel alloying elements, we discuss effective treatment of ELVs for efficient recycling and use of steel alloying elements using waste input-output material flow analysis (WIO-MFA).

Keywords

MFA WIO-MFA Steel alloying elements End of life vehicles (ELVs) recycling 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    The Japan Ferrous Raw Materials Association Pig iron, Iron and steel scrap supply and demand. http://www.tetsugen.gol.com/kiso/3jyukyu1nen.htm (Accessed 12 June. Month. 2010),
  2. 2.
    K. Nakajima, K. Yokoyama, T. Nagasaka, Substance flow analysis of manganese associated with iron and steel flow in japan. Isij International, 48, (4), 2008, pp 549–553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Gleich, R. U. Ayres, S. Gössling-Reisemann, Eco-efficiency in industry and science. In Sustainable metals management: Securing our future — steps towards a closed loop economy, Springer: Dordrecht, 2006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Michaelis, T. Jackson, Material and energy flow through the UK iron and steel sector -Part 2: 1994–2019. Resources Conservation and Recycling, 29, (3),2000, pp 209–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Michaelis, T. Jackson, Material and energy flow through the UK iron and steel sector. Part 1: 1954–1994. Resources Conservation and Recycling, 29, (1–2),2000, pp 131–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. Daigo, Y. Igarashi, Y. Matsuno, Y. Adachi, Accounting for steel stock in Japan. Isij International, 47, (7),2007, pp 1065–1069.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Wang, D. B. Muller, T. E. Graedel, Forging the anthropogenic iron cycle. Environ Sci Technol, 41, (14),2007, pp 5120–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Nakamura, K. Nakajima, Waste input-output material flow analysis of metals in the Japanese economy. Materials Transactions, 46, (12),2005, pp 2550–2553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. B. G. Castro, J. A. M. Remmerswaal, M. A. Reuter, U. J. M. Boin, A thermodynamic approach to the compatibility of materials combinations for recycling. Resources Conservation and Recycling, 43, (1),2004, pp 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. H. Amini, J. A. M. Remmerswaal, M. B. Castro, M. A. Reuter, Quantifying the quality loss and resource efficiency of recycling by means of exergy analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, 15, (10),2007, pp 907–913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Froelich, N. Haoues, Y. Leroy, H. Renard, Development of a new methodology to integrate ELV treatment limits into requirements for metal automotive part design. Minerals Engineering, 20, (9),2007, pp 891–901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Nakajima, O. Takeda, T. Miki, K. Matsubae, T. Nagasaka, Thermodynamic Analysis for the Controllability of Elements in the Recycling Process of Metals. Environ Sci Technol, 45, (11),2011, pp 4929–4936.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Nakajima, S. Nakamura, Material flow analysis of metals based on the waste input-output model (WIO-MFA model): Application to material cycle of iron and steel. Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals, 70, (8),2006, pp 618–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Nakamura, K. Nakajima, Y. Kondo, T. Nagasaka, The waste input-output approach to materials flow analysis — Concepts and application to base metals. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 11 , (4),2007, pp 50–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Nakamura, K. Nakajima, Y. Yoshizawa, K. Matsubae-Yokoyama, T. Nagasaka, Analyzing Polyvinyl Chloride in Japan With the Waste Input-Output Material Flow Analysis Model. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 13, (5),2009, pp 706–717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ministy of Industrial Affairs and Communications (Japan), 2005 input-output table for Japan.2009.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Japan Environmental Sanitation Center Report for implementation of efficient and retional treatment for end of life vehicles; Japan Environmental Sanitation Center: Japan, 2009.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tohoku University Material flow and element distribution anaylsis for efficient utilization of alloying elements associated with end of life vehicle scrap; Tohoku University: Japan, 2012.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hajime Ohno
    • 1
  • Kazuyo Matsubae
    • 2
  • Kenichi Nakajima
    • 3
  • Shinichiro Nakamura
    • 4
    • 5
  • Testsuya Nagasaka
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Environmental StudiesTohoku UniversitySendai, MiyagiJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendai, MiyagiJapan
  3. 3.National Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukuba, IbarakiJapan
  4. 4.Graduate School of EconomicsWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan
  5. 5.EcoTopia Science InstituteNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

Personalised recommendations