IO-MFA and Thermodynamic Approach for Metal Recycling
Recently, the issue of sustainable resource management has been increasingly recognized. In order to increase resource efficiency, Castro et al. (2004) pointed out an importance to understand the interconnections between the materials’ processing routes and their thermodynamic constraints, and discussed losses due to contaminations during recycling. One of the dominant solutions to avoid such losses or contaminants is knowledge about the substance flows in material cycles. Material flow analysis (MFA) is a powerful tool to understand the resource consumption and material cycle in the national economy. Some advanced MFA studies discussed the complex web of metal flows and their linkages (Nakamura et al. 2007, 2008). Discussions on the limitations of impurity removal and the recoverability of elements in the recycling of EoL metal products, however, have been insufficient even in conventional MFA studies.
Keywordsmaterial flow analysis (MFA) thermodynamic analysis metal recycling
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