3D Microstructures of Sb2Te3 Precipitates in PbTe Matrix with Prediction by a Weak Compatibility Condition

  • Xian Chen
  • Shanshan Cao
  • Teruyuki Ikeda
  • Vijay Srivastava
  • G. Jeffrey Snyder
  • Dominique Schryvers
  • Richard D. James
Conference paper

Abstract

We propose that a weak compatibility condition predicts the elongated directions for Widmanstätten type precipitates. The distribution of the elongated directions of precipitates lies on a family of crystallographically equivalent cones in 3D determined by a certain transformation stretch matrix obtained independently. A 3D visualization and digitization method is developed to show how the cone variants control the preferred growth directions during precipitation of Sb2Te3 in a (5 µm)3 PbTe matrix. A series of two-dimensional secondary electron images are acquired along the direction perpendicular to the imaging plane. By pixelating all the images and calculating the position vectors on the surface of each precipitate, the elongation directions are calculated using a 3-dimensional ellipsoidal fitting for 182 precipitates. The 3D plot of the elongation directions shows that their spacial orientations are close to four predicted cones with a standard deviation of 5.6°. The length along the elongation directions reveals an asymmetric distribution with a mean value of about 240 nm. The total volume fraction of the precipitates is 8.3 %. The average area of the precipitates per volume is 0.68 µ-1 by one point statistical calculation. These results build on our study presented in [1] by analyzing a significantly bigger data set and by including the length distribution and 1-point statistics.

Keywords

Compatibility Slice-and-view Widmanstätten Precipitates Focused-ion-beam 

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Copyright information

© TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xian Chen
    • 1
  • Shanshan Cao
    • 2
  • Teruyuki Ikeda
    • 3
  • Vijay Srivastava
    • 1
  • G. Jeffrey Snyder
    • 3
  • Dominique Schryvers
    • 2
  • Richard D. James
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Aerospace Engineering and MechanicsUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Electron Microscopy of Materials Science (EMAT)University of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  3. 3.Materials ScienceCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA

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