Towards Monuments’ Holistic Digital Documentation: the Saint Neophytos Enkleistriotis Case Study
The expansion of the term “monument” to include the surrounding area of the tangible cultural asset, its natural environment as well as the intangible data relating to its existence and use has gradually resulted the formation of the term “cultural landscapes”. “Monument” has evolved into “monumental place” and a “place with its own soul” and nowadays into a “unity” incorporating the multiple and diversified views which regard the one and single object, the cultural asset. In this paper and through the presented case study of Saint Neophytos Enkleistriotis monument, we attempt to move further on, from the view of the “unity” and the interdiscipilinary approach to the “holistic” view, treating the cultural asset as a “whole”; a “whole” which will have been created from the harmonious merge of all the multifaced entities of which it is comprised.
KeywordsHolistic documentation 3D model Geometric documentation Orthoimage Structure from motion UAV
1. ITN-DCH (http://www.itn-dch.eu/) project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework program for research, technological development and demonstration under GA n° 608013.
2. INCEPTION (http://www.inception-project.eu/) has received funding from the EU’s H2020 Reflective framework programme for research and innovation under GA n° 665220.
3. Europeana Space (http://www.europeana-space.eu/) has received funding from the European Union’s ICT Policy Support Program as part of the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Program, under GA n° 621037.
4. 4DCH (http://www.4d-ch-world.eu/) project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework program for research, technological development and demonstration under GA n° 324523.
5. Lo-Cloud (http://www.locloud.eu/) is co-funded under the CIP ICT-PSP program under GA n° 325099.
6. ViMM (http://www.vi-mm.eu/) has received funding from the EU’s H2020 framework programme for support and coordination actions under GA n° 727107.
- 2.Bouchenaki, M.: A major advance towards a holistic approach to heritage conservation: the 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention. Int. J. Intang. Herit. 2, 106–109 (2007)Google Scholar
- 5.INCEPTION Project: D.1.3 - Project Report (2016)Google Scholar
- 6.ITN-DCH Project: D.1.1 - Project Report (2014)Google Scholar
- 7.Bold, J., Chatenet, M., Cortembos, T., Kovacec Naglic, K.: Guidance on inventory and documentation of the cultural heritage, Strasbourg (2009)Google Scholar
- 8.Mango, C., Hawkins, E.J.W.: The hermitage of St. Neophytos and its wall paintings. Dumbarton Oaks Papers 20, p. 119 (1966)Google Scholar
- 9.Tsiknopoullos, I.P.: The Encleistra and Saint Neophytos, Nicosia (1965)Google Scholar
- 15.Klopschitz, M., Irschara, A., Reitmayr, G., Schmalstieg, D.: Robust incremental structure from motion. In: Third International Symposium on 3D Data Processing, Visualization and Transmission (2010)Google Scholar
- 16.Hemayed, E.E.: A survey of camera self-calibration. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Advanced Video and Signal Based Surveillance, AVSS 2003, pp. 351–357 (2003)Google Scholar
- 18.Remondino, F., Spera, M.G., Nocerino, E., Menna, F., Nex, F., Gonizzi-Barsanti, S.: Dense image matching: comparisons and analyses. In: Arqueologica 2.0, et al. (eds.) Proceedings of the DigitalHeritage 2013 - Federating the 19th International VSMM, 10th Eurographics GCH, and 2nd UNESCO Memory of the World Conferences, Plus Special Sessions from CAA, pp. 47–54 (2013) Google Scholar
- 19.Remondino, F.: From point cloud to surface: the modeling and visualization problem. Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci. XXXIV, 24–28 (2003)Google Scholar
- 20.Kakoulli, I., Fischer, C.: The techniques and materials of the wall paintings at the Enkleistra of St. Neophytos (Phase II) (2012)Google Scholar
- 22.Ioannides, M., Bokolas, V., Chatzigrigoriou, P., Nikolakopoulou, V., Athanasiou, V.: Education use of 3D models and photogrammetry content; the Europeana space project for Cypriot UNESCO monuments. In: Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of Environment, Cyprus, April 2016Google Scholar
- 23.UNESCO: Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention. WHC.02/2 (2002)Google Scholar