Advertisement

Virtual and Augmented Reality Tools to Improve the Exploitation of Underwater Archaeological Sites by Diver and Non-diver Tourists

  • Fabio Bruno
  • Antonio Lagudi
  • Loris Barbieri
  • Maurizio Muzzupappa
  • Gerardo Ritacco
  • Alessandro Cozza
  • Marco Cozza
  • Raffaele Peluso
  • Marco Lupia
  • Gianni Cario
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10058)

Abstract

The underwater cultural heritage is an immeasurable archaeological and historical resource with huge, but yet largely unexploited, potentials for the maritime and coastal tourism.

In this regard, in the last years, national and international government authorities are supporting and strengthening research activities and development strategies, plans and policies to realize a more sustainable, responsible and accessible exploitation of the underwater cultural heritage.

To this end, the paper presents the architecture of a new system that, taking advantage of the modern virtual and augmented reality technologies, allows diver and non-diver tourists to make a more engaging and educational experience of the underwater archaeological sites.

This system has been developed and tested in the VISAS project (www.visas-project.eu) that aims to the enhancement of the cultural and tourist offer related to the underwater archaeology through innovation of modes of experience, both on site and remote, of the underwater environments of archaeological interest.

Keywords

Underwater cultural heritage VR systems AR systems Underwater 3D reconstruction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The VISAS Project (Ref. Start-Up PAC02L2-00040), has been financed by the MIUR under the PAC Programme. The authors would like to thank the Marine Protected Area of Capo Rizzuto, the Soprintendenza per i Beni culturali e ambientali del Mare della Sicilia for the permission to conduct the experimentation in the sites of Cala Minnola and the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Calabria for the site of Punta Scifo.

References

  1. 1.
    Guérin, U.: Underwater cultural heritage and its potentials for sustainable maritime and coastal tourism. UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Unesco 2001: Convention on the protection of the underwater cultural heritage, 2 November 2001. http://www.unesco.org
  3. 3.
    Bruno, F., Gallo, A., Barbieri, L., Muzzupappa, M., Ritacco, G., Lagudi, A., La Russa, M.F., Ruffolo, S.A., Crisci, G.M., Ricca, M., Comite, V., Davidde, B., Di Stefano, G., Guida, R.: The CoMAS project: new materials and tools for improving the in-situ documentation, restoration and conservation of underwater archaeological remains. Mar. Technol. Soc. J. 50(4), 108–118 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bruno, F., Muzzupappa, M., Gallo, A., Barbieri, L., Spadafora, F., Galati, D., Petriaggi, B.D., Petriaggi, R.: Electromechanical devices for supporting the restoration of underwater archaeological artefacts. In: Proceedings of IEEE/MTS OCEANS 2015 Conference, Genova (Italy), 18–21 May 2015Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bruno, F., Muzzupappa, M., Lagudi, A., Gallo, A., Spadafora, F., Ritacco, G., Angilica, A., Barbieri, L., Di Stefano, G., Guida, R., Di Lecce, N., Saviozzi, G., Laschi, C.: A ROV for supporting the planned maintenance in underwater archaeological sites. In: Proceedings of IEEE/MTS OCEANS 2015 Conference, Genova (Italy), 18–21 May 2015Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Skarlatos, D., Demestiha, S., Kiparissi, S.: An ‘open’ method for 3D modelling and mapping in underwater archaeological sites. Int. J. Heritage Digit. Era 1(1), 1–24 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pearson, C.: Conservation of Marine Archaeological Objects. Elsevier, Burlington (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Davidde, B.: Underwater archaeological parks: a new perspective and a challenge for conservation—the Italian panorama. Int. J. Nautical Archaeol. 31(1), 83–88 (2002)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    European Commission Directorate General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries: A European Strategy for more Growth and Jobs in Coastal and Maritime Tourism. Communication from the commission to the European Parliament, the council, the European and economic and social committee and the committee of the regions, 20 February 2014Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bruno, F., Lagudi, A., Muzzupappa, M., Lupia, M., Cario, G., Barbieri, L., Passaro, S., Saggiomo, R.: Project VISAS – virtual and augmented exploitation of Submerged Archaeological Sites: overview and first results. Mar. Technol. Soc. (MTS) J. 50(4), 119–129 (2016)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Barceló, J.A, Forte, M., Sanders D.H.: Virtual Reality in Archaeology. BAR International Series, vol. 843. Archeopress, Oxford (2000). Edited by Sanders, D.H., Forte, M.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pavlidis, G., Koutsoudis, A., Arnaoutoglou, F., Tsioukas, V., Chamzas, C.: Methods for 3D digitization of cultural heritage. J. Cult. Heritage 8(1), 93–98 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bruno, F., Bruno, S., De Sensi, G., Luchi, M.L., Mancuso, S., Muzzupappa, M.: From 3D reconstruction to virtual reality: a complete methodology for digital archaeological exhibition. J. Cult. Heritage 11(1), 42–49 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Barbieri, L., Bruno, F., Mollo, F., Muzzupappa, M.: User-centered design of a Virtual Museum system: a case study. In: Eynard, B., Nigrelli, V., Oliveri, S,M., Peris-Fajarnes. G., Rizzuti, S. (eds.) Advances on Mechanics, Design Engineering and Manufacturing. LNME, pp. 155–165. Springer, Heidelberg (2017). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-45781-9_17
  15. 15.
    Almeida, L.: Archeoguide: an augmented reality guide for archaeological sites. IEEE Comput. Graph. Appl. (2002)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Varinlioğlu, G.: Data collection for a virtual museum on the underwater survey at Kaş, Turkey. Int. J. Nautical Archaeol. 40(1), 182–188 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chapman, P., Conte, G., Drap, P., Gambogi, P., Gauch, F., Hanke, K., Richards, J.: Venus, virtual exploration of underwater sites. In: Proceeding of Joint Event CIPA/VAST/EG/Euro-Med (2006)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Haydar, M., Roussel, D., Maïdi, M., Otmane, S., Mallem, M.: Virtual and augmented reality for cultural computing and heritage: a case study of virtual exploration of underwater archaeological site. Virtual Reality 15(4), 311–327 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chapman, P., Roussel, D., Drap, P., Haydar, M.: Virtual exploration of underwater archaeological sites: visualization and interaction in mixed reality environments, pp. 141–148 (2008)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gallo, A., Angilica, A., Bianco, G., De Filippo, F., Muzzupappa, M., Davidde, B., Bruno, F.: 3D reconstruction and virtual exploration of submerged structures: a case study in the underwater archaeological site of Baia (Italy). In: The 13th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage VAST (2012)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Katsouri, I., Tzanavari, A., Herakleous, K., Poullis, C.: Visualizing and assessing hypotheses for marine archaeology in a VR CAVE environment. J. Comput. Cult. Heritage (JOCCH) 8(2), 10 (2015)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Leinikki, J., Kanerva, J., Panu Oulasvirta, P., Syvärant, J.: Personal underwater tablets bring new possibilities to data collection, communication, geolocation and diver monitoring. In: Lang, M.A., Sayer, M.D.J. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2013 AAUS/ESDP Curaçao Joint International Scientific Diving Symposium, Curaçao, 24–27 October 2013, pp. 163–166. American Academy of Underwater Sciences, Dauphin Island (2013)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lagudi, A., Bianco, G., Muzzupappa, M., Bruno, F.: An alignment method for the integration of underwater 3D data captured by a stereovision system and an acoustic camera. Sensors 16(4), 536 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bruno, F., Lagudi, A., Passaro, S., Saggoimo, R.: Opto-acoustic 3D reconstruction of the “Punta Scifo D” shipwreck. In: 1st IMEKO TC4 International Workshop on Metrology for Geotechnics, MetroGeotechnics 2016, pp. 327–333 (2016)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bruno, F., Lagudi, A., Gallo, A., Muzzupappa, M., Petriaggi Davidde, B., Passaro, S.: 3D documentation of archeological remains in the underwater park of Baiae. Int. Arch. Photogrammetry Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci. 40(5), 41 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rende, S.F., Irving, A.D., Bacci, T., Parlagreco, L., Bruno, F., De Filippo, F., Montefalcone, M., Penna, M., Trabucco, B., Di Mento, R., Cicero, A.M.: Advances in micro-cartography: a two-dimensional photo mosaicing technique for seagrass monitoring. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 167, 475–486 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Bruno
    • 1
  • Antonio Lagudi
    • 1
  • Loris Barbieri
    • 1
  • Maurizio Muzzupappa
    • 1
  • Gerardo Ritacco
    • 1
  • Alessandro Cozza
    • 2
  • Marco Cozza
    • 2
  • Raffaele Peluso
    • 2
  • Marco Lupia
    • 3
  • Gianni Cario
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering (DIMEG)University of CalabriaRendeItaly
  2. 2.3D Research S.r.l.RendeItaly
  3. 3.Applicon S.r.l.RendeItaly

Personalised recommendations