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Evaluating Two Methods for WS-(Security) Policy Negotiation and Decision Making

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNPSE,volume 10033)


Any communication between a Web Service Provider (WSP) and a Web Service Consumer (WSC) in Web Service (WS) systems need both parties to negotiate their security policies in order to reach an agreed upon security rules. However, reaching this agreement faces several issues. First, there are no current policy selection methods for the case of multiple compatible alternatives or any mechanism for the case no compatible alternatives. Second, the complexity of these security policy assertions written in XML language. In order to overcome these issues, we propose in this paper an evaluation for the policy intersection method in its current status and another one for two policy selection methods that are Lattice lub/glb and Fuzzy Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) for policy selection and decision making. These two methods can be used as an extension for policy intersection to solve policy compatibility measurements for better interoperability. An implementation to evaluate the decision making methods is built. It is found that about 98.91 % of the total comparisons using both methods select the same set of security policies. Based on the evaluation findings we propose a negotiation process using the extended policy intersection using the two evaluated methods for final policy agreement.


  • WS-Policy
  • WS-Security Policy
  • WS-Policy Intersection
  • Boolean algebra
  • WS-(Security) Policy Negotiation
  • Apache Axis2
  • Apache Rampart
  • Apache Neethi

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Correspondence to Abeer Elsafie or Jörg Schwenk .

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A Appendix A: Apache Axis Neethi Example Output for All Policy Intersection Cases

A Appendix A: Apache Axis Neethi Example Output for All Policy Intersection Cases

We present the two policies of Apache Neethi source in Disjunctive Normal Form (DNF) in order to find policy intersection. There are three cases. The case that presented in the module is the output of the case of one compatible alternative.

Policy p1:

figure c

Policy p2:

figure d

The one-compatible alternative output case:

figure e

The no-compatible alternatives output case:

figure f

The more than one-compatible alternatives output case:

figure g

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Elsafie, A., Schwenk, J. (2016). Evaluating Two Methods for WS-(Security) Policy Negotiation and Decision Making. In: Debruyne, C., et al. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2016 Conferences. OTM 2016. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 10033. Springer, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-48471-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-48472-3

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