Sepsis pp 107-126 | Cite as

Mechanisms of Organ Dysfunction and Altered Metabolism in Sepsis

  • Douglas R. Closser
  • Mathew C. Exline
  • Elliott D. Crouser
Chapter
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)

Abstract

The term “sepsis” was first described by Hippocrates (c.a. 460–370 BC) in reference to blood putrefaction (septicemia) and fever, and the connection between sepsis and bacteria was made by French chemist Louis Pasteur (1822–1895). No treatment has been shown to prevent the onset or hasten recovery of failed organ systems during sepsis, which often persists long after the infection has been eliminated and ultimately leads to the death of the patient. Mechanisms linking host-pathogen interactions to organ dysfunction remain poorly understood and related insights may provide the key to more effectively treating sepsis-induced organ failures. This chapter will discuss the current theories of sepsis-induced organ failure and potential future therapies that might be derived from new understanding of the pathophysiology of sepsis.

Keywords

ATP Cytopathic hypoxia Glycolysis Metabolism Mitochondria Oxygen metabolism TNF alpha 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas R. Closser
    • 1
  • Mathew C. Exline
    • 1
  • Elliott D. Crouser
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep MedicineThe Ohio State University Wexner Medical CenterColumbusUSA

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