Conclusions: Entangled Pieties

Not Just a Story About Tolerance
  • En-Chieh Chao
Part of the Contemporary Anthropology of Religion book series (CAR)


The final chapter of this book, Conclusions, explores the implications for the Islamization of public life and the social normalization of Islamic practices, as well as the ongoing competition between Christianity and Islam in Indonesia and beyond. This chapter interrogates the theoretical implications of this study, making comparisons with prominent studies of women’s Islamic piety and with typical approaches to religious diversity that treat Christianity and Islam separately. I conclude that the cases of entangling pieties with gendered sociality may allow Indonesia to continue to be a model (albeit a complex and ambivalent one) for promoting peaceful Muslim–Christian relations.


Islamic Piety Salatiga Indonesian Way Inter-religious Harmony Intentional Hybridity 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • En-Chieh Chao
    • 1
  1. 1.National Sun Yat-sen UniversityKaohsiung CityTaiwan

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