Generating Religiosities

The Entangled History of Islam and Christianity in Java
  • En-Chieh Chao
Part of the Contemporary Anthropology of Religion book series (CAR)


This chapter addresses the religious heterogeneity of Javanese society today. It delineates the co-evolution of Christianity and Islam in Java from the nineteenth century to the current democratic period—specifically, the interaction between Christian and Muslim organizations that are striving to achieve indigenous goals of modernity and prosperity in their respective religious idioms. Based on a critical genealogy of the mutual influence and competition between Islamizers and Christianizers, I outline the historically unprecedented present—the children of Javanist Muslims have become orthodox Muslims, whereas a great number of the offspring of mainline Protestants are becoming born-again Christians.


Christian Javanese Muslims Muhammadiyah Salatiga Pentecostalism 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • En-Chieh Chao
    • 1
  1. 1.National Sun Yat-sen UniversityKaohsiung CityTaiwan

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