A Study on Urban Spatial Structure in the Context of the Jobs-Housing Balance: A Case of Suzhou, China

  • Zhenlong ZhangEmail author
Part of the GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 122)


Reducing the number of trips and the length of travel is an important objective in the movement towards sustainable development and low-carbon cities. In the pursuit of less travel and shorter travel distances, local governments try to achieve a jobs-housing balance. In this study, based on survey data from different spatial scales, we use GIS technology and job housing balance index measures, the independent index, average commuting distance and commuting time, and explore the spatial structure of Suzhou City, China. According to research, the overall jobs housing index in Suzhou is 0.75, the average commuting distance is 9.6 km, and the average commuting time is 26 min. There are about 32 % of the residents whose commuting distances are more than the average number. This study provides some reference for urban planning and urban spatial optimization for Suzhou City.


Job housing balance Commuter Urban spatial structure Suzhou 



This work was funded by the National Science Foundation of China (51208330) and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD).


  1. Cervero R (1991) Job/Housing Balance as Public Policy. Urban Land, Vol.10:.4-15.Google Scholar
  2. MengXiaochen,WuJing,ShenFanbu (2009). The study of the review of job housing balance and the summary of views.JournalofUrban Studies, Vol6: 23-28.Google Scholar
  3. Zhou Suhong, Yan Xiaopei (2006) Guangzhou city residential and Employment Spatial and impact on resident trip.Journal of urban planning Vol. 5:13-18.Google Scholar
  4. Sun Tieshan, Wang Yulan, Li Guoping (2012) The evolution of population in Beijing metropolitan area -employment distribution and spatial structure.Journal of ActaGeographica SinicaVol.6:829-840.Google Scholar
  5. Sun Bindong, Pan Xin, Ningyuemin (2008) Shanghai Employment and Living Space Equilibrium Analysis of the Influence of Transportation. Journal of urban planning, Vol.1:77- 82.Google Scholar
  6. Zhou Jiangping, Chen Xiaojian, Huang Wei (2013) The job housing balance and commuting efficiency in western city China – in Xi’anas an example Journal of Acta Geographica SinicaVol. 10:1316-1330.Google Scholar
  7. LiuZhilin, Zhang Yan, Chai Yanwei (2009) Separation of living and working phenomenon in Chinese big cities and its characteristics – Taking Beijing city as an example Journal ofUrban StudiesVol 9:110-117.Google Scholar
  8. Meng Bin (2009) Spatial organization of Beijing residents working and living separation Journal of Acta Geographica SinicaVol. 12:1457-1466.Google Scholar
  9. Chai Yanwei, Zhang Yan, Liu Zhilin (2013) Study on the factors affecting the spatial difference andseparation of living and working Journal of Acta Geographica SinicaVol. 8:25-32.Google Scholar
  10. Hu Juan, Hu Yidong, Li Xiazhu (2013) Based on the Concept of “Balance” as Live in Wuhan City Spatial Development Exploration. Journal of urban planning Vol. 8:25-32.Google Scholar
  11. Peng Zhongren(1997) The Jobs-Housing Balance and Urban Commuting.Urban Studies, Vol. 34: 1215- 1235.Google Scholar
  12. Levinson B. L. (1989) Using Jobs/Housing Balance Indicators for Air Pollution Control. Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  13. Deakin E (1989) Land Use and Transportation Planning in Response to Congestion Problems: a Review and Critique. Transportation Research Record, Vol. 1237:77-86.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Architecture and Urban PlanningSuzhou University of Science and TechnologySuzhouChina

Personalised recommendations