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Following Natural Features—Planning Method Research on the Spatial Arrangement of Blue-Green Webs Around Urban Core Areas

  • Zhong XingEmail author
  • Xizi Tang
  • Qiao Yu
  • Xiaobo Xu
Chapter
Part of the GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 122)

Abstract

The paper focuses on the planning method to create blue-green spatial patterns around urban core areas: following natural features of catchment areas and incorporating functionality with urban land-use in the vicinity and bringing together smart solutions to celebrate diverse productive outcomes of natural features while addressing especially water-associated issues induced by urban expansion. The method could be instructive for efficiently conserving and managing natural blue-green spaces within central urban authority areas that is required as one of the main tasks for “improving construction ability” enabling New Urbanization. Following ecological principles, planned and existing blue-green spaces are expected as integrated components of the workings of natural systems rather than isolated elements subjectively manipulated by planners, as in ordinary planning methods. As a result, the planned blue-green web is of composite functions with low maintenance requirements. Detailed measures will enrich the planning drafting tools in rational and operational ways. Survey, literature research, and qualitative research methods are employed in combination with a practical case study. Firstly, land-use cover, inclusive of both buildable and non-developable land, is clearly delineated based on GIS data and the urban general plan. Secondly, the land-use pattern, size, and environmental consequences are correlated and corrected to some extent through the monitoring of data analyses of local air quality and surface water quality. Thirdly, likely eco-functions of natural features are determined after study of natural catchment processes and literature research. Finally, suggested land-use layout of buildable land is incorporated into the whole system with the least possible impact to the environment. Likely storm-water issues and potential induced by urban expansion are addressed in a quantitative way. The planning method will be described in conjunction with case studies for achieving the goals of leaving natural mountain ranges and blue-green features for all citizens, as described in the New Urbanization task. Demonstration of the natural catchment-basin process, contributions of natural factors, and the enrichment of planning tools deserve further research for better application of the method.

Keywords

Blue-green network Natural feature Catchment area Natural process Planning method 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Planning Department, The Faculty of Architecture and Urban PlanningChongqing UniversityShapingba District, ChongqingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.The Faculty of Architecture and Urban PlanningChongqing UniversityShapingba District, ChongqingPeople’s Republic of China

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