Current and Suggested focus on Sustainability in Pyrometallurgy

  • J. B. See
  • D. G. C. Robertson
  • P. J. Mackey
Conference paper


The production of iron and steel and non-ferrous metals by pyrometallurgical processes will remain a critical element in meeting the demand for materials in both developed and developing nations. Given the important need to reduce and minimise greenhouse gas emissions the technological focus of future pyrometallurgical R&D by universities and industry alike must concentrate on sustainability issues such as improved energy efficiency, recycling and waste minimization. Continued efforts are also needed on process optimization and new process development with a view to reducing capital and operating costs of the new large “mega” plants. Using the academic and industrial backgrounds of the authors, the present paper reviews the current status of R&D in pyrometallurgy in university departments with a particular emphasis on sustainability issues. The role of industry and government laboratories is also reviewed although primarily for developed countries. The paper also includes comments and suggestions on the future requirements for education and R&D in pyrometallurgy in developed countries to maximise sustainability. It is also suggested that future R&D in pyrometallurgy will be even more concentrated in developing countries — most notably China.


Pyrometallurgy Research Sustainability Education Resource industry 


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Copyright information

© TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. B. See
    • 1
  • D. G. C. Robertson
    • 2
  • P. J. Mackey
    • 3
  1. 1.MillfieldAustralia
  2. 2.Missouri University of Science and TechnologyRollaUSA
  3. 3.P.J. Mackey Technology IncKirklandCanada

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