Cold Modelling of Splashing Phenomena in Oxygen Steelmaking

  • Shabnam Sabah
  • Geoffrey Brooks
Conference paper


In oxygen steelmaking, splashing and droplet formation play a key role in the kinetics of the process. Though splashing has been studied by previous investigators, there is only limited understanding of how different cavity modes affect splashing. Therefore, a cold model study (at various lance heights and gas flow rates) has been carried out focusing on the issue of cavity modes and how it affects splashing phenomenon. Analysis using Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) was carried out on cavity oscillation that showed that frequency and amplitude of oscillation was highest in penetrating mode. Measurements of splashing over a range of conditions showed splashing greatly reduced when cavities went from splashing to penetrating mode. The results were validated and compared with plant data and previous model investigations.


steelmaking splashing penetrating cavity oscillation 


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Copyright information

© TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shabnam Sabah
    • 1
  • Geoffrey Brooks
    • 1
  1. 1.Swinbune University of TechnologyHawthornAustralia

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