The Applicability of Carbon Capture and Sequestration in Primary Aluminium Smelters
Climate Change is affecting every industry including the Primary Aluminium industry. The International Energy Agency has developed several strategies how to abate GHG emissions on large industrial scale. One of the tools identified to abate CO2 emissions from large sources is carbon capture and sequestration (CCS). Earlier papers have touched on the topic of using CCS in primary smelters and in this paper further details are shown of technological aspects of CCS, but also on some of the specific conditions that have to be dealt with when applied in primary aluminium smelters. Conclusions are presented.
KeywordsCO2 carbon balance GHG emission reduction CCS CO2 scrubbing CO2 sequestration primary aluminium smelter
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Stephan Broek1, Anastasia Kazakova1, “Can Primary Aluminium Producers Meet Climate Change Challenges in a Pragmatic Manner?”.1Hatch Ltd., 2800 Speakman Drive, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Metal Bulletin 24th International Aluminium Conference 2009, Düsseldorf, Germany. Google Scholar
- 2.O-A. Lorentsen1, A. Dyrøy1, and M. Karlsen2, “Handling CO2EQ from an Aluminum Electrolysis Cell”, Hydro Aluminium Metal, Technology and Competence, 1P. O. Box 2560, NO-3908 PORSGRUNN, Norway, 2P. O. Box 303, NO-6882 Øvre Årdal, Norway, Light Metals 2009, 263–268 Google Scholar
- 3.Joel Schubert, “Siemens CO2Compression Concept”, Siemens Energy day, 17 June 2009 Google Scholar
- 4.Fred Stern, “Basin Electric Power Cooperative’s Approach to CO2Capture, Transport and Sequestration Technologies”, 1600 E. Interstate Ave. Bismarck, ND 58506–5540 USA. The International Seminar: Perspective for Near-tern CCS Deployment in Brazil Porto Alegre, Brazil October 18, 2007 Google Scholar
- 5.Pete Baldwin, “Workshop on Future Large CO2Compression Systems”, Ramgen Power Systems, 11808 Northup Way, Suite W-190, Bellevue, WA, U.S.A. 98005, DOE Office of Clean Energy Systems, EPRI, and NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Headquarters, March 30–31, 2009 Google Scholar
- 6.Mark Demchuk, “CO2Storage and Enhanced Oil Recovery: The Weyburn Story”, EnCana, 1800, 855 – 2nd Street SW, Calgary, AB T2P 2S5, Canada, United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali, December 2007 Google Scholar