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LGBTQ Youth and Vulnerability to Sex Trafficking

  • Kathryn XianEmail author
  • Shaylin Chock
  • Dustin Dwiggins
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter uses a socioecological framework to explain that self-identified lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender experienced or questioning (LGBTQ) children experience a higher rate of vulnerability to sex trafficking. This vulnerability stems, in part from, family rejection, abandonment, or emotional and physical abuse arising from homophobic or transphobic reactions of guardians. Systemic discrimination, in the education, mental health and health care, and justice systems, exacerbates risk. If these vulnerabilities are left unaddressed, rates of LGBTQ children experiencing sex trafficking will worsen as the overall problem of child trafficking grows.

Keywords

LGBTQ Trafficking Adolescent Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Gender nonconforming Questioning Queer Homophobia Transphobia Heteronormative 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific Alliance to Stop SlaveryHonoluluUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryJohn A. Burns School of Medicine, University of HawaiiHonoluluUSA
  3. 3.Icahn School of Medicine at Beth Israel Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA

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