• Birsen Erdogan


In the conclusion, findings of the research are summarised in an analytical manner. In this part, the instability of discourses and identities are highlighted. Each discourse tries to fix a meaning by othering or excluding alternatives and by essentialising identities. Yet, in the social terrain, discourses cannot isolate themselves from others completely, as they are contingent and social. Furthermore, discourses are split and contested within themselves. Moreover, subjects are dislocated in times of transformation. This makes subjects insecure but also gives them opportunities to change. In this regard, this research makes conclusions about the R2P as a hegemonic norm and Turkish subjectivity as an unfinished and challenged hegemonic project.


Identity Hegemonic discourse Antagonism Turkey Middle East Ahmet Davutoglu Tayyip Erdogan 

Bibliography – Books, Articles, Reports, Speeches

  1. Davutoglu, Ahmet. 2012a. “Principles of Foreign Policy and Regional Political Structuring.” Sam Vision Papers. April 3. Accessed June 2016.
  2. Guardian. 2016. “Turkish Prosecutors to Investigate Academics over Erdogan Petition.” 14 January.
  3. Human Rights Watch. 2016. “Turkey: Academics Jailed for Signing Petition.”16 March. Accessed June 2016.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birsen Erdogan
    • 1
  1. 1.Maastricht UniversityMaastrichtThe Netherlands

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