Advertisement

Humanitarian Intervention and Responsibility to Protect

  • Birsen Erdogan
Chapter
  • 732 Downloads

Abstract

Chapter 3 explains the evolution of the responsibility to protect (R2P) norm, as a distinct model but still contingent to the notion of humanitarian intervention. It also discusses how the R2P is articulated in separate discursive coalitions, which makes its meaning contested and unfixed. In this part, a literature review of both critical and pro-R2P is presented. The chapter also makes references to the discursive practices. Moreover, the chapter introduces how the term entered into the Turkish discourse.

Keywords

Humanitarian intervention Responsibility to protect (R2P) Use of force Pillar 3 Libya Syria Security Council 

Bibliography – Books, Articles, Reports, Speeches

  1. Adams, Gareth. 2006. “From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect.” Keynote Address to Symposium on Humanitarian Intervention, University of Wisconsin, Madison on 31 March, available at http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/publication-type/speeches/2006/from-humanitarian-intervention-to-the-responsibility-to-protect.aspx
  2. AIV, 2010. “Netherlands and Responsibility to Protect: The Responsibility to Protect People from Mass Atrocities.” Report of Advisory Council on International Affairs. Accessed June 2016. http://aiv-advies.nl/6cl/publications/advisory-reports/the-netherlands-and-the-responsibility-to-protect
  3. Aljaghoub, Mahasen M., Ibrahim M. Aljazy, and Maysa S. Bydoon. 2013. “The Arab League.” In An Institutional Approach to the Responsibility to Protect, ed. Gentian Zyberi and Kevin T. Mason, 289–310. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arbour, Louise. 2008. “The Responsibility to Protect as a Duty of Care in International Law and Practice.” Review of International Studies 34: 445–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Archibugia, Daniele, and David. Chandler. 2009. “A Dialogue on International Interventions: When Are They a Right or an Obligation?” Ethics & Global Politics 2(2): 155–169.Google Scholar
  6. Arendt, Hannah. 1976. On Violence. Orlando: Harvest Book.Google Scholar
  7. Averre, Derek, and Lance Davies. 2015. “Russia, Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect: The Case of Syria.” International Affairs 91(4): 813–834.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Barkawi, Tarak, and Mark Laffey. 2006. “The Postcolonial Moment in Security Studies.” Review of International Studies 32(2): 329–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bellamy, Alex J. 2002. “Pragmatic Solidarism and the Dilemmas of Humanitarian Intervention.” Millennium: Journal of International Studies 31(3): 473–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bellamy, Alex J. 2009. Responsibility to Protect. Oxford: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  11. Bellamy, Alex J. 2011. “Libya and the Responsibility to Protect: The Exception and the Norm.” Ethics and International Affairs 25(3): 63–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bellamy, Alex J. 2013. “The Responsibility to Protect: Added Value or Hot Air?” Cooperation and Conflict 48(3): 333–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bellamy, Alex J. 2015. “R2P Turns to Ten.” Ethics and International Affairs 29(2): 161–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bellamy, Alex J. 2016. “Humanitarian Intervention.” In Contemporary Security Studies, ed. Allan Collins, 328–341. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Bellamy, Alex J., and Mark Beeson. 2010. “The Responsibility to Protect in Southeast Asia: Can ASEAN Reconcile Humanitarianism and Sovereignty?” Asian Security 6(3): 262–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bellamy, Alex J., and P.D. Williams. 2011. “The New Politics of Protection? Cote d’Ivoire, Libya and the Responsibility to Protect.” International Affairs 87(4): 825–850.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Breau, Susan C. 2006. “The Impact of the Responsibility to Protect on Peacekeeping.” Journal of Conflict and Security Law 11(3): 429–464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cagaptay, Soner. 2011. “What Should Washington Do about Turkey’s Drift?” In Turkish Foreign Policy under the AKP: The Rift with Washington, ed. Soner Cagaptay, 13–16. Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Policy Notes 3. Accessed June 2016. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/uploads/Documents/pubs/PolicyNote03.pdf.Google Scholar
  19. Cali, Basak. 2010. “From Bangladesh to Responsibility to Protect.” In The Delivery of Human Rights, ed. Geoff Gilbert, Francoise Hampson, and Clara Sandoval, 238–252. Abington: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Chandler, David. 2010. “R2P or Not R2P? More State-Building Less Responsibility.” Global Responsibility to Protect 2(1): 161–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Chandler, David. 2012. “Resilience and Human Security: The Post-Interventionist Paradigm.” Security Dialogue 43(3): 213–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Cubukcu, Ayca. 2013. “The Responsibility to Protect: Libya and the Problem of Transnational Solidarity.” Journal of Human Rights 12: 40–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Cunliffe, Philip. 2010. “Dangerous Duties: Power, Paternalism and the Responsibility to Protect.” Review of International Studies 36(1): 79–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Davidson, Jason W. 2013. “France, Britain and the Intervention in Libya: An Integrated Analysis.” Cambridge Review of International Affairs 26(2): 310–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Der Derian, James. 2000. “Virtuous War/Virtual Theory.” International Affairs 76(4): 771–788.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Dillon, Michael, and Julian. Reid. 2009. The Liberal Way of War: Killing to Make Life Live. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Geldenhuys, Deon. 2014. “The African Union, Responsible Sovereignty and Contested States.” Global Responsibility to Protect 6: 350–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gerber, Rachel. 2011. “R2P Involves More than Military Intervention.” The Stanley Foundation. Accessed June 2016. http://www.stanleyfoundation.org/resources.cfm?id=450
  29. Hehir, Aidan. 2012. Responsibility to Protect: Rhetoric, Reality and the Future of Humanitarian Intervention. Basingstoke: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hehir, Aidan. 2013. “The Permanence of Inconsistency.” International Security 38(1): 137–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. ICISS Report, 2001. The Responsibility to Protect. Accessed June 2016. http://responsibilitytoprotect.org/ICISS%20Report.pdf
  32. Ignatieff, Michael. 2013. “The Duty to Protect Still Urgent.” New York Times. 13 September. Accessed June 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/14/opinion/the-duty-to-protect-still-urgent.html?_r=0
  33. Jabri, Vivienne. 2007. War and the Transformation of Global Politics. New York: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kenkel, Kai Michael. 2012. “Brazil and R2P: Does Taking Responsibility Mean Using Force?” Global Responsibility to Protect 4: 5–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Knight, W. Andy. 2011. “The Development of the Responsibility to Protect: From Evolving Norm to Practice.” Global Responsibility to Protect 3: 3–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kuperman, Alan J. 2013. “A Model Humanitarian Intervention?” International Security 38(1): 105–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mahdavi, Mojtaba. 2015. “A Postcolonial Critique of Responsibility to Protect in the Middle East.” Perceptions 20(1): 7–36.Google Scholar
  38. Mallavarapu, Siddharth. 2015. “Colonialism and the Responsibility to Protect.” In Theorising the Responsibility to Protect, ed. Ramesh Thakur and William Maley, 305–22. Cambridge: Cambridge Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mamdani, Mahmood. 2010. “Responsibility to Protect or Right to Punish?” Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 4(1): 53–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Massingham, Eva. 2009. “Military Intervention for Humanitarian Purposes: Does the Responsibility to Protect Doctrine Advance the Legality of the Use of Force for Humanitarian Ends?” International Review of Red Cross 91(876): Accessed June 2016. https://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-876-massingham.pdf.
  41. Morris, Justin. 2013. “Libya and Syria: R2P and the Spectre of the Swinging Pendulum.” International Affairs 89(5): 1265–1283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Nuruzzaman, Mohammed. 2013b. “The Responsibility to Protect Doctrine: Revived in Libya, Buried in Syria.” Insight Turkey 15(2): 57–66.Google Scholar
  43. Quinton-Brown, Patrick. 2013. “Mapping Dissent: The Responsibility to Protect and Its State Critics.” Global Responsibility to Protect 5: 260–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rodley, Nigel, and Basak Cali. 2007. “Kosovo Revisited: Humanitarian Intervention on the Fault Lines of International Law.” Human Rights Law Review 7(2): 275–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Secretary General’s Report. 2009. “Implementing the Responsibility to Protect.” Accessed June 2016. http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/63/677
  46. Seysane, Volkan, and Cigdem Celik. 2015. “R2P and Turkish Foreign Policy: Libya and Syria in Perspective.” Global Responsibility to Protect 7: 376–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Shawki, Noha. 2011. “Responsibility to Protect: The Evolution of an International Norm.” Global Responsibility to Protect 3: 172–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Stuenkel, Oliver, and Marcos Tourinho. 2014. “Regulating intervention: Brazil and the Responsibility to Protect.” Conflict, Security and Development 14(4): 379–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Stuenkel, Oliver, and Fundacão Getulio Vargas. 2014. “The BRICS and the Future of R2P: Was Syria or Libya the Exception?” Global Responsibility to Protect 6: 3–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Sylvester, Christine. 2012. “War Experiences/War Practices/War Theory.” Millennium 40(3): 483–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Thakur, Ramesh. 2016. “The Responsibility to Protect at 15.” International Affairs 92(2): 415–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Thibault, Jean-Francois. 2012. “R2P and the Debt of the International Community.” Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice 24(2): 210–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. United Nations. 2005. “World Summit Outcome.” Accessed June 2016. http://www.un.org/en/preventgenocide/adviser/pdf/World%20Summit%20Outcome%20Document.pdf#page=30
  54. United Nations. 2011. “Security Council Approves No-Fly-Zone over Libya.” 17 March. Accessed June 2016. http://www.un.org/press/en/2011/sc10200.doc.htm
  55. Vaughn, Jocelyn, and Tim Dunne. 2015. “Leading from the Front: America, Libya and the Localisation of R2P.” Cooperation and Conflict 50(1): 29–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Welsh, Jennifer M. 2013. “Norm Contestation and the Responsibility to Protect.” Global Responsibility to Protect 5: 365–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zyberi, Gentian, and Kevin T. Mason. 2013. An Institutional Approach to the Responsibility to Protect. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birsen Erdogan
    • 1
  1. 1.Maastricht UniversityMaastrichtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations