3D Models on Triple Paths - New Pathways for Documenting and Visualizing Virtual Reconstructions

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10025)

Abstract

This paper presents the project “Virtual Reconstructions in Transnational Research Environments - the Portal: Palaces and Parks in Former East Prussia” in the light of the Semantic Web and Open Source technologies. The project examines the methodology of the computer-based 3D computer reconstruction of Cultural Heritage (CH) and the still unresolved questions of certification, classification, annotation, storage and visualization of 3D data sets. This multinational and interdisciplinary project is concerned with designing a Virtual Research Environment, based on interactive 3D objects being part of a semantic data model. Our approach effects the entire process of digital 3D reconstruction and requires the development of a data model, Cultural Heritage Markup Language (CHML) as groundwork for an application ontology for this kind of project. The preliminary results shed new light on areas such as effective data acquisition, documentation, semantic 3D modeling, data management, and 3D visualization. They may be useful for the creation of virtual museums and other forms of interactive presentation of CH that employ open source visualization platforms (e.g., WebGL technology).

Keywords

Digital 3D reconstruction Semantic modeling Application ontology Documentation and visualization standards Virtual research environments 

References

  1. 1.
    UNESCO: Charter on the Preservation of Digital Heritage. Records of the General Conference, Paris, 29 September to 17 October 2003, pp. 74–77 (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Burridge, J.M., Collins, B.M., Galton, B.N., Halbert, A.R., et al.: The WINSOM solid modeller and its application to data visualisation. IBM Syst. J. 28(4), 548–568 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cramer, H., Koob, M.: Cluny Architektur als Vision. Edition Braus, Heidelberg (1993)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kuroczyński, P.: 3D reconstruction of the architectural history of the city of Vratislavia. A progress report (3D-Computer-Rekonstruktion der Baugeschichte Breslaus. Ein Erfahrungsbericht). In: The Annual of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Scientific Centre Vienna, pp. 201–213 (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bentkowska-Kafel, A.: Digital visualization of cultural heritage and its scholarly value in art history, visual resources. Int. J. Documentation 29(1), 38–46 (2013). Special Issue on Digital Art History edited by Murtha Baca et alGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    The Virtue of Models. CAD and New Spaces for Art History (Der Modelle Tugend CAD und die neuen Räume der Kunstgeschichte), Frings M. (ed.), Weimar (2001)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Denard, H.: A New introduction to the london charter. In: Bentkowska-Kafel, A., Baker, D., Denard, H. (eds.) Paradata and Transparency in Virtual Heritage, Ashgate, pp. 57–71 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pfarr, M.: Dokumentationssystem für Digitale Rekonstruktionen am Beispiel der Grabanlage Zhaoling, Provinz Shaanxi (China). Diss. Technische Universität Darmstadt (2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Blümel, I.: Metadatenbasierte Kontextualisierung architektonischer 3D Modelle, Diss. Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (2013)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Berners-Lee, T., Hendler, J., Lassila, O.: The semantic web. In: Scientific American, May 2001Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Blumauer, A., Pellegrini, T.: Semantic web und semantische technologien. In: Pellegrini, T., Blumauer, A. (eds.) Semantic Web: Wege zur vernetzten Wissensgesellschaft. X.media.press, pp. 9–15. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Niccolucci, F.: Setting standards for 3D visualization of cultural heritage in Europe and beyond. In: Bentkowska-Kafel, A., Baker, D., Denard, H. (eds.) Paradata and Transparency in Virtual Heritage, Ashgate, pp. 23–36 (2012)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ronzino, P.: CIDOC CRM\(_{BA}\) - a CRM extension for buildings archaeology information modelling. Dissertation, The Cyprus Institute (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Doerr, M., et al.: The Europeana data model (EDM). In: Proceedings of the 76\(^{th}\) IFLA General Cconference and Assembly, Gothenburg/Sweden, p. 9 (2010). http://conference.ifla.org/past-wlic/2010/149-doerr-en.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2015
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
    CARARE metadata schema V 2.0.pdf, p. 3. http://www.carare.eu/slv/Support/CARARE-metadata-schema Accessed 15 Oct 2015
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
    Hansen, H.J., Fernie, K.: CARARE - connecting archeology and architecture in Europeana. In: Ioannides, M., et al. (eds.) Proceedings of Third International Euro-Mediterranean Conference, Lemesos, p. 456 (2010)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hauck, O., Noback, A.: CHML - Cultural Heritage Markup Language. EineAuszeichnungssprache für das gebaute Weltkulturerbe, Presentation at CeBit 2003. https://www.academia.edu/12617393/CHML. Accessed 15 Oct 2015
  22. 22.
    Kuroczyński, P., et al.: Virtual museum of destroyed culturalheritage - 3D documentation, reconstruction and visualisation in the semantic web. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Virtual Archaeology, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg/Russia, pp.54-61. http://www.virtualarchaeology.ru/pdf/281_va_book2015.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2015
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
    Scientific Communication Infrastructure (WissenschaftlicheKommunikationsInfrastruktur). http://wiss-ki.eu/. Accessed 15 Oct 2015
  25. 25.
    Görz, G., Schiemann, B., Oischinger, M.: An implementation of the CIDOC conceptual reference model (4.2.4) in OWL-DL. http://erlangen-crm.org/docs/crm_owl_cidoc2008.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2015
  26. 26.
    Hauck, O., Kuroczyński, P.: Cultural heritage markup language -designing a domain ontology for digital reconstructions. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Virtual Archaeology, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg/Russia, pp. 250-255. http://www.virtualarchaeology.ru/pdf/281_va_book2015.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2015
  27. 27.
    Bruhn, K.-Ch.: The labeling system: a new approach to overcome the vocabulary bottleneck. In: DH-CASE II: Collaborative Annotations on Shared Environments: Metadata, Tools and Techniques in the Digital Humanities (2014). https://www.academia.edu/12055632/. Accessed 15 Oct 2015
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
    http://www.dnb.de/gnd. Accessed 15 Oct 2015
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
    http://www.geonames.org/. Accessed 15 Oct 2015
  32. 32.
    http://www.openstreetmap.org/. Accessed 15 Oct 2015
  33. 33.
    Lowe, N., Datta, A.: A technique for rendering complex portals. IEEE Trans. IEEE Vis. Comput. Graph. 11, 81–90 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tan, K.H., Daut, D.: A review on level of detail. In: Computer Graphics, Imaging and Visualization. CGIV 2004, pp. 70–75 (2004)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Trevett, N.: 3D Transmission Format. In: NVIDIA, June 2013Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Stead, S., et. al.: CRMinf: the argumentation model - an extension of CIDOC-CRM to support argumentation, produced by Paveprime Ltd and collaborators. http://www.cidoc-crm.org/docs/cidoc_crm_sig/CRMinf-0.7.pdf
  37. 37.
    Doerr, M., et al.: CRMsci: the scientific observation model - an extension of CIDOC-CRM to support scientific observation, producedby FORTH and collaborators, version 1.2. http://www.cidoc-crm.org/docs/cidoc_crm_sig/CRMsci1.2.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Piotr Kuroczyński
    • 1
  • Oliver Hauck
    • 2
    • 3
  • Daniel Dworak
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe - Institute of the Leibniz AssociationMarburgGermany
  2. 2.Technical University of DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Space RepresentationFrankfurt am MainGermany
  4. 4.Center for Media and InteractivityJustus Liebig University GiessenGiessenGermany
  5. 5.Institute of Information TechnologyLodz University of TechnologyŁódźPoland

Personalised recommendations