Advertisement

The Song Remains the Same: Lossless Conversion and Streaming of MIDI to RDF and Back

  • Albert Meroño-PeñuelaEmail author
  • Rinke Hoekstra
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9989)

Abstract

In this demo, we explore the potential of RDF as a representation format for digital music. Digital music is broadly used today in many professional music production environments. For decades, MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) has been the standard for digital music exchange between musicians and devices, albeit not in a Web friendly way. We show the potential of expressing digital music as Linked Data, using our midi2rdf suite of tools to convert and stream digital music in MIDI format to RDF. The conversion allows for lossless round tripping: we can reconstruct a MIDI file identical to the original using its RDF representation. The streaming uses an existing, novel generative audio matching algorithm that we use to broadcast, with very low latency, RDF triples of MIDI events coming from arbitrary analog instruments.

Keywords

MIDI RDF Music streams Linked Data 

References

  1. 1.
    Beek, W., Rietveld, L., Bazoobandi, H.R., Wielemaker, J., Schlobach, S.: LOD laundromat: a uniform way of publishing other people’s dirty data. In: Mika, P., et al. (eds.) ISWC 2014, Part I. LNCS, vol. 8796, pp. 213–228. Springer, Heidelberg (2014). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-11964-9_14 Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cannam, C., Sandler, M., Jewell, M., Rhodes, C., d’Inverno, M.: Linked data and you: bringing music research software into the semantic web. J. New Music Res. 39(4), 313–325 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Good, M.: MusicXML: An Internet-Friendly Format for Sheet Music (2001). http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.118.5431
  4. 4.
    Heath, T., Bizer, C.: Linked Data: Evolving the Web into a Global Data Space, 1st edn. Morgan and Claypool, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kristensen, O.: Generative audio matching game system, 3 March 2011. https://www.google.com/patents/WO2010142297A3?cl=en, wO Patent App. PCT/DK2010/050,132
  6. 6.
    Schmachtenberg, M., Christian Bizer, A.J., Cyganiak, R.: Linking Open Data cloud diagram 2014 (2014). http://lod-cloud.net/
  7. 7.
    Raimond, Y., Sandler, M.: A web of musical information. In: Ninth International Conference on Music Information Retrieval (ISMIR2008) (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Swartz, A.: Musicbrainz: a semantic web service. IEEE Intell. Syst. 17, 76–77 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceVrije Universiteit AmsterdamAmsterdamNetherlands
  2. 2.Data Archiving and Networked Services, KNAWThe HagueNetherlands
  3. 3.Faculty of LawUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamNetherlands

Personalised recommendations