Great Potential of the Colourful Cultural Heritage of Turkey: Ethnic Tourism

Chapter
Part of the GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 121)

Abstract

Ethnic tourism is a type of tourism in which tourists are motivated to visit a destination in order to learn more about the traditional characteristics and lifestyles of ethnic groups. The location of Turkey between the Eastern and Western cultures opened the space to continuous interactions. As a consequence, today a great number of ethnic groups live in Turkey, although only three of them (Greeks, Armenians, and Jews) are officially recognized as ethnic minorities. We have found that the number of tourists visiting destinations inhabited by ethnic minorities is on the rise, although it is difficult to determine exactly to what extent ethnic characteristics motivate tourists to visit Turkey, as in many places, ethnic tourism is intertwined with other types of tourism such as events, festivals, religious celebrations, and visits to sacred spaces as well as with visits of friends and relatives. However, this chapter will show that ethnic tourism has great potential for development, although a number of political and social factors may for now hinder the success of ethnic tourism in Turkey. Besides having an important impact on tourism development and on promoting a country as a tourism destination, ethnic tourism could have an important contribution to the development of relations between nations and countries. In Turkey, ethnic tourism could be used to remove the prejudices the majority population may have against different ethnic and religious minorities in the country. The messages of “peace” and “friendship and dialogue among civilizations”, repeated during the visits of ethnic tourists, may remind Turkey that it should assume stronger roles as the host in the dialogue among civilizations.

References

  1. Ağanoğlu, H. Y. (2001). Osmanlı’dan cumhuriyet’e Balkanlar’ın Makus talihi (Misfortune of the Balkans from the Ottoman Period until the Republic). Istanbul: Kum Saati Yayınları.Google Scholar
  2. Albayrak, A. (2013). Alternatif turizm (alternative tourism). Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık.Google Scholar
  3. Arslan, İ., Aydın, H. V., Kayapınar, L., Konuk, N., Kostopoulou, E., Tezcan, M., et al. (2012). Mübadil kentler: Yunanistan (exchanged cities: Greece). Istanbul: Lozan Mübadilleri Vakfı.Google Scholar
  4. Babul, E. (2006). Home or away? On the connotations of homeland imaginaries in Imbros. Thamyris/Intersecting, 13, 43–54.Google Scholar
  5. Bingöl, Z. (2007). Anadolu’da İnanç Turizmi. Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık. Bingöl, Z. (2007). Faith Tourism in Anatolia. Ankara: Detay Publishing.Google Scholar
  6. Bulutoğlu, H. (2012). Türkiye gezi parkurları (Turkish tour tracks). Istanbul: Ekin Grubu Yayınları.Google Scholar
  7. Cahen, C. (2000). Osmanlılardan önce Anadolu Anatolia before the Ottomans (translated by E. Üyepazarcı). Istanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları.Google Scholar
  8. Çalışkan, V. (2010). Religious fairs of Rums on islands of Gökçeada (Imbros) and Bozcaada (Tenedos), Turkey: Opportunities for contribution to tourism and dialogue between civilizations. Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures, 4(2), 65–87.Google Scholar
  9. Çalışkan, V. (2012). Bir kültürün zamana ve mekâna tutunma aracı: deve güreşi şenlikleri (A culture’s means of holding on to time and space: Camel wrestling festivals). In F. Özden (Ed.), Aşıklar, Savaşlar, Kahramanlar ve Çanakkale (Lovers, Wars, Heroes and Çanakkale) (pp. 372–383). Istanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları.Google Scholar
  10. Çalışkan, V. (2013). Somut olmayan kültürel miras değerlerinin belirlenmesi sürecinde coğrafi yaklaşımların katkıları: geleneksel deve güreşleri örneği (Contributions of geographical approaches in the process of determining intangible cultural heritage assets: A case study of traditional camel wrestles). In Coğrafyacılar Derneği Yıllık Kongresi, Bildiriler Kitabı, 19–21 Haziran 2013, proceedings of the annual congress of the association of Turkish geographers, 19–21 June 2013 (pp. 793–802). Istanbul: Fatih University.Google Scholar
  11. Çalışkan, V., & Ibrahimov, A. (2006). Gelibolu’da Beyaz Ruslar (White Russians in Gallipoli). Atlas, 148–151.Google Scholar
  12. Castles, S., & Miller, M. (2013). The age of migration: International population movements in the modern world. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  13. Deleon, J. (1996). Beyoğlu’nda Beyaz Ruslar (White Russians in Beyoğlu). İstanbul: Remzi Kitapevi.Google Scholar
  14. Doğaner, S. (2013). Türkiye Kültür Turizmi (Cultural Tourism in Turkey). Istanbul: Doğu Kitabevi.Google Scholar
  15. Efe, M., & Akgül, B. (2011). B. Türkiye’de Bölgelemenin Temel Veri Alanları ve Bölgesel Kalkınma Model Çalışmaları (B. Basic Data Areas of Regionalization in Turkey and Regional Development Model Studies). Bursa: Ekin Kitabevi.Google Scholar
  16. Emiroğlu, K., Özel, O., Aydın, S., & Ünsal, S. (2000). Mardin: Aşiret-Cemaat-Devlet (Mardin: tribe-community-state). Istanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları.Google Scholar
  17. Erginer, G. (2007). Etno-Kültürel Sınırlar Tur Abdin Süryanileri Örneğinde (Ethno-Cultural Boundaries in the Case Study of Tur Abdin Syriacs). Ankara University Scientific research project report (p. 70). doi:10.1501/0003689.
  18. Ibrahimov, A., Çalışkan, V., & Soykan, F. (2009). The Russian army on the Turkish Territory: A view from Galipoli. Instead of concluding remarks by Turkish researchers. Moscow: St. Andrei Foundation, Sibirskaya Blagozvonnitsa Publishing House (in Russian).Google Scholar
  19. İçduygu, A., & Biehl, K. (2012). Türkiye’ye yönelik göçün değişen yörüngesi (The changing orbit of the immigration into Turkey). In A. İçduygu (Ed.), Kentler ve Göç (Cities and Migration). Istanbul: İstanbul Bilgi University Publications.Google Scholar
  20. Karadoğan, U. C. (2011). İşgal döneminde İstanbul ve Gelibolu’daki Bolşevik aleyhtarı Wrangel ordusu (The Anti-Bolshevik Wrangel Army in Istanbul and Galipolli in the period of occupation). Bilig, 57, 135–157.Google Scholar
  21. Kasimova, I. (2011). White Russian Emigres in Pera. Consulate general of the Russian Federation in Istanbul.Google Scholar
  22. Kolukırık, S. (2009). Dünden Bugüne Çingeneler (Gypsies up to the Present Time). Istanbul: Ozan Yayıncılık.Google Scholar
  23. McCain, G., & Ray, N. M. (2003). Legacy tourism: The search for personal meaning in heritage travel. Tourism Management, 24(6), 713–717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. MFA (Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Foreign Affairs). (2008). November 2008 report on minorities.Google Scholar
  25. Millas, H. (2004). Geçmişten Bugüne Yunanlılar Dil Din ve Kimlikleri (Greeks and their language, religion, and identity up to the present time). Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları.Google Scholar
  26. MRGI (Minority Rights Group International). (2007). A quest for equality: Minorities in Turkey.Google Scholar
  27. Şahin, İ. (2006). Osmanlı Döneminde Konar-Göçerler (Nomads in the Ottoman Period). Istanbul: Eren Yayıncılık.Google Scholar
  28. Şener, C. (2004). Türkiye’de Yaşayan Etnik ve Dinsel Gruplar (The Ethnic and Religious Groups living in Turkey). Istanbul: Etik Yayınları.Google Scholar
  29. Tanrıkulu, M. (2014). Coğrafya ve Kültür (geography and culture). Ankara: Edge Akademi.Google Scholar
  30. Uslu, M. (2010). Başı Bulutlarda Toros Yaylaları (The Taurus Mountain Pastures with their Heads in the Clouds). August issue: Anadolu Jet Magazine.Google Scholar
  31. Türk Musevi Cemiyeti. (2014). http://www.turkyahudileri.com/
  32. Yang, L., & Wall, G. (2009). Ethnic tourism: A framework and an application. Tourism Management, 30(4), 559–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyÇanakkale Onsekiz Mart UniversityÇanakkaleTurkey

Personalised recommendations