This chapter reviews assessments that examine pragmatic behaviors and skills in children, as well as intervention procedures that can be used to facilitate change in pragmatic abilities. Several formal and informal assessment tools exist but very few address more than one pragmatic component. A review of intervention procedures reveals that most of the procedures reported in the literature have the capacity to effect change in pragmatic behaviors. However, many of the intervention studies have been conducted with small numbers of participants, and have a low level of evidence or controls. The chapter concludes with suggested future research topics.
- Communicative intention
- Discourse management
- Language assessment
- Language intervention
- Social communication
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Readin’ and throwing shade are different terms that refer to the same type of speech event. Morgan (2002) defines readin’
as exposing someone’s interactive deception. It is used to ‘denigrate another to his or her face in an unsubtle and unambiguous manner’ (252) and it is ‘legitimate only when it is accomplished in the presence of others.’ (263)
Discrete point assessment refers to those measures which are designed to examine complex skills in individual, decontextualized parts (Francis and Reyhner 2002).
C-units are main clauses and any subordinate clauses attached to it, but they can also refer to incomplete sentences (Nippold 2014).
RtI is a tiered process used in the United States to prevent academic problems in children, and to provide support when academic problems arise. It involves increasing intensity of services and has the goal of improving academic outcomes for children, including those with communication and/or learning disabilities (Fletcher and Vaughn 2009).
A social story describes social cues that occur in any given social situation, such as gaining entry into play groups or taking turns. The social story breaks down the social skill into step-by-step instructions, and is used to support individuals in learning how to internalize and use social skills in real time (Gray 2010). Comic strip conversations are conversations that use drawings to support persons engaged in a conversation (Gray 1994).
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Hyter, Y.D. (2017). Pragmatic Assessment and Intervention in Children. In: Cummings, L. (eds) Research in Clinical Pragmatics. Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology, vol 11. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47489-2_19
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