The Loads Acting on Lumbar Spine During Sitting Down and Standing Up

  • Katarzyna Nowakowska
  • Marek Gzik
  • Robert Michnik
  • Andrzej Myśliwiec
  • Jacek Jurkojć
  • Sławomir Suchoń
  • Michał Burkacki
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 526)

Abstract

The paper presents an analysis of the loads acting on lumbar spine during movement of sitting down and getting up from a chair. The study was conducted on a group of 30 people (parents of disabled children) complaining about chronic low back pain. Basing on kinematics, obtained during experiment from APAS system, simulations were performed in the Anybody Modeling System environment. The use of methods, mathematical modeling and static optimization, allowed to determine the magnitude of the loads acting on musculoskeletal system. The results of reactions in the L5-sacrum joint, the muscular forces of erector spinae and the transversus abdominis are significantly correlated with the kinematics of the movement.

Keywords

Mathematical modeling Loads Muscle strength Anybody Modeling System Lumbar spine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was conducted within 3 Year Healthy Community Project conditioned upon Special Olympics Poland (Olimpiady Specjalne Polska). Grant was approved and financed by Special Olympics Inc. on 25th April 2016.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katarzyna Nowakowska
    • 1
  • Marek Gzik
    • 1
  • Robert Michnik
    • 1
  • Andrzej Myśliwiec
    • 2
  • Jacek Jurkojć
    • 1
  • Sławomir Suchoń
    • 1
  • Michał Burkacki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biomechatronics, Faculty of Biomedical EngineeringSilesian University of TechnologyZabrzePoland
  2. 2.Department of Kinesitherapy and Special Methods of PhysiotherapyAcademy of Physical Education in KatowiceKatowicePoland

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