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Conclusion

  • John Joshua
Chapter
  • 467 Downloads

Abstract

Tobacco-related diseases exceed globally those caused from the abuse of alcohol, illicit drugs, HIV, homicide, suicide and car accidents combined. The rate of mortality is expected to increase in low- and middle-income countries as the rate of smoking is increasing in those countries as compared with the rate of smoking in high-income countries.There are considerable detrimental social and private costs involved as a consequence of smoking; however such costs are subsidised by society at large as smokers do not pay the full cost.Advertising has glamorized smoking, so that it has become habitual. Unless smoking has become denormalized, it will not be phased out; hence it is advocated that advertising has to be phased out to reduce smoking.

Keywords

Advertising Smoking disease Social and private costs 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Joshua
    • 1
  1. 1.Deakin UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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