Skip to main content

Countries with Very Slow or Incipient Fertility Transition

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Africa's Population: In Search of a Demographic Dividend

Abstract

Most countries of the world have started their fertility transition, and many of them are already in a post-transitional stage. However, in 10 countries, all located in sub-Saharan Africa, the fertility transitions at the national level can be termed as very slow or even incipient, but in only eight of these countries it is possible to analyze some of the determinants of the still high levels of fertility. One of the objectives of this chapter is to try to assess if an acceleration of the fertility transition can be envisaged or not in the near future in these countries. The fertility transition is underway among urban and educated women, but it is lagging behind among rural women. The last section of this chapter focuses on Niger, where there has been no sign of fertility decline over the past 50 years, and explores what kind of program could be put in place to initiate a fertility transition in this country.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

eBook
USD 16.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 129.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

References

  • Bongaarts, J. (1978). A framework for analyzing the proximate determinants of fertility. Population and Development Review, 4(1), 105–132.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Caldwell, J. C. (1982). A theory of fertility decline. London: Academic.

    Google Scholar 

  • Freedman, R. (1987). The determinants of fertility. In J. Cleland & C. Scott (Eds.), The world fertility survey. An assessment (pp. 772–795). New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Guengant, J. -P., & Issaka M. H. (2015). Bilan des activités de planification familiale au Niger depuis les années 1990: Comment améliorer et étendre certains résultats obtenus ces dernières années par l'Animas-Sutura ? Niamey: Animas-Sutura; study funded by Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KFW).

    Google Scholar 

  • Issaka, M. H. (1995). Les variations socio-économiques et culturelles de la fécondité au Niger. Thèse de doctorat (Ph.D.). Collection de thèses et mémoires sur le Sahel, N°41. Montreal: Université de Montréal, Département de démographie.

    Google Scholar 

  • May, J. F. (2012). World population policies: Their origin, evolution, and impact. Dordrecht: Springer.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • May, J. F., Soumana, H., & Guengant, J.-P. (2004). Nourrir, soigner et éduquer tous les Nigériens: la démographie en perspective. Washington, DC: World Bank Group.

    Google Scholar 

  • MP/AS. (2007). Déclaration du Gouvernement en matière de politique de population. Niamey: Ministère de la Population et de l’Action Sociale.

    Google Scholar 

  • Soumana, H., Boubacar, S., Issaka, M. H., & Guengant, J.-P. (2005). Projections de la population du Niger de 2005 à 2050: Un appel à l’action. Niamey: Ministère de l’économie et des finances, Bureau central du recensement.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stover, J. (1998). Revising the proximate determinants of fertility framework: What have we learned in the past 20 Years? Studies in Family Planning, 29(3), 255–267.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • UNDP. (2015). Human development report 2015: Work for human development. New York: United Nations Development Program.

    Google Scholar 

  • UNECA. (2010). Creating and capitalizing on the demographic dividend for Africa. Addis Abba: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. http://gatesinstitute.org/demographic-dividend. Accessed 9 Sept 2015.

  • United Nations. (2015). World population prospects: The 2015 revision. New York, United Nations, Department of economic and social affairs, population division; DVD Edition: http://esa.un.org/wpp/Documentation/publications.htm. Accessed 15 Aug 2015.

  • World Bank Group. (2016). World development indicators. Washington, DC. http://databank.worldbank.org/data/reports.aspx?source=world-development-indicators (Last updated: July 8, 2016). Accessed 19 July 2016.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hamidou Issaka Maga .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2017 Springer International Publishing AG

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Issaka Maga, H., Guengant, JP. (2017). Countries with Very Slow or Incipient Fertility Transition. In: Groth, H., May, J. (eds) Africa's Population: In Search of a Demographic Dividend. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-46889-1_10

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-46889-1_10

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-46887-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-46889-1

  • eBook Packages: Social SciencesSocial Sciences (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics