Historical Perspective and Future Directions in Forest Genetics and Genomics

  • David B. Neale
  • Nicholas C. Wheeler


Before speaking to the future of conifer genetics and genomics research, a brief overview of the history of the discipline may be valuable for placing the discussion in perspective. While previous chapters in this book review the scientific approaches and findings of studies seeking to characterize genetic variation in conifers, a concomitant look at the economic, social, and policy factors that guided this research may inform how the discipline will proceed in the future. Much of the historical discussion follows from a review piece we coauthored on the evolution of our field of study in the United States (Wheeler et al. 2015). Parallel stories, though certainly not exacting in detail, can be told for other regions of the world.


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  4. Wheeler, N. C., Steiner, K. C., Schlarbaum, S. E., & Neale, D. B. (2015). The evolution of forest genetics and tree improvement research in the United States. Journal of Forestry, 113(5), 500–510.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David B. Neale
    • 1
  • Nicholas C. Wheeler
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant SciencesUniversity of California, DavisDavisUSA
  2. 2.ConsultantCentraliaUSA

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