We have noted several times in this volume the importance of understanding how trees are adapted to their environments. Conifers are found across diverse environments that include extremes for moisture, temperature, soil types, available sunlight, and so on. Not only do we find different species adapted to diverse environments but also within many species we see adaptation to different environments. Having a deep understanding of the genetic basis of adaptation is important for successful reforestation after harvesting, for conservation and restoration programs, and for potentially coping with climate-induced species range changes.
- Eckert, A. J., van Heerwaarden, J., Wegrzyn, J. L., Nelson, C. D., Ross-Ibarra, J., González-Martínez, S. C., & Neale, D. B. (2010b). Patterns of population structure and environmental associations to aridity across the range of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L., Pinaceae). Genetics, 185(3), 969–982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lind, B. M., Friedline, C. J., Wegrzyn, J. L., Maloney, P. E., Vogler, D. R., Neale, D. B., & Eckert, A. J. (2017). Water availability drives signatures of local adaptation in whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis Engelm.) across fine spatial scales of the Lake Tahoe Basin, USA. Molecular Ecology, 26(12), 3168–3185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wheeler, N., & Neale, D. B. (2014). Landscape genomics: An emerging discipline that can aid forest land managers with planting stock decisions. Mountain Views (CIRMOUNT), 7(2), 10–14.Google Scholar