Landscape Genomics

  • David B. Neale
  • Nicholas C. Wheeler


We have noted several times in this volume the importance of understanding how trees are adapted to their environments. Conifers are found across diverse environments that include extremes for moisture, temperature, soil types, available sunlight, and so on. Not only do we find different species adapted to diverse environments but also within many species we see adaptation to different environments. Having a deep understanding of the genetic basis of adaptation is important for successful reforestation after harvesting, for conservation and restoration programs, and for potentially coping with climate-induced species range changes.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David B. Neale
    • 1
  • Nicholas C. Wheeler
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant SciencesUniversity of California, DavisDavisUSA
  2. 2.ConsultantCentraliaUSA

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