Tribological Characteristics of Green Biocomposites

  • Boon Peng Chang
  • H. Md AkilEmail author
  • M. H. Zamri
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Owning to the environmental concerns and sustainable development, green biocomposites are increasingly explored and developed to replace conventional composites. Polymer composites used in tribological application have received great attention from researchers due to its self-lubricating properties, versatile fabrication process, low in cost and easy to tailor their properties with wide range of functional fillers. The past research in using green biodegradable materials reinforced polymers in tribological study has established a good understanding on tribological behaviour of natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites (NFRPCs). In this chapter, the tribological performance of various natural fibres reinforced polymer composites reported in the literature is reviewed. Furthermore, the effect of different important factors of natural fibre on wear and friction of polymers is discussed. Most of the polymer materials showing certain degree of enhancement in tribological properties after reinforced with natural fibre. Further optimization of its performance is possible by selecting optimum fibre loading, fibre length, fibre treatment, sliding orientation and combining with other fillers to form hybrid system composites. Finally, based on our current understanding, we have speculated some future trends and directions of NFRPCs in the field of tribology.


Natural fibre Biocomposites Tribology 



The authors would like to acknowledge the KDU Penang University College Internal Research Grant and Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) grant particularly the Cluster of Polymer Composites (CPC) Funds (Grant Number: 203/PBAHAN/6071337) for the financial assistance that has resulted in this work. The authors would also like to appreciate the permissions granted by various publishers and authors to reproduce figures and tables in this chapter.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Engineering Computing and Built EnvironmentKDU Penang University CollegeGeorgetownMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Engineering CampusUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia
  3. 3.Cluster of Polymer Composite (CPC) Science and Engineering Research Centre (SERC) Engineering CampusUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia

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