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Recent Progress on Rubber Based Biocomposites: From Carbon Nanotubes to Ionic Liquids

  • Imran KhanEmail author
  • Mohd Amil Usmani
  • Aamir H. Bhat
  • Jahangir Ahmad Rather
  • Syed Imran Hassan
  • Abdul Mumam
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Currently, reinforcement of a polymer matrix via the integration of fillers is a common industrial exercise which improves the properties of the composite material. Rubber nanocomposites (NCs) demonstrated remarkable properties due to the interaction between the polymer and filler and the homogeneous dispersion of the filler within the polymer matrix. These improved properties included increased stiffness, high strength, reduced elongation to failure, improved resistance to crack growth and tearing and finally various modifications of abrasion, dynamic and fatigue properties, due to their high surface area and significant aspect ratios. Different reinforcing fillers have been incorporated in the rubber to develop elastomeric composites having improved properties. This current chapter focus on development, properties and applications of various elastomeric composites. Secondly, this chapter also emphasis on ionic liquids (ILs) role as additives in elastomer composites as well as effects of nanofillers on elastomer composites.

Keywords

Rubber Nanocomposites Carbon nanotubes Ionic liquids 

Abbreviations

[Amim][Ntf2]

1-Allyl-3-Methylimidazolium Bis(Trifluoromethylsulfonyl)Imide

CR

Chloroprene rubber

CB

Carbon Black

[Emim][Ntf2]

1-Ethyl-3-Methylimidazolium Bis(Trifluoromethylsulfonyl)Imide

[Emim][SCN]

1-Ethyl-3-Methylimidazolium Thiocynate

HNBR

Hydrogenated Nitrile Rubber

[Hmim][Ntf2]

1-Hexyl-Methylimidazolium Bis(Trifluoromethylsulfonyl)Imide

FHT

Fluorohectorite

MMT

Montmorillonite

MWCNT

Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes

NCs

Nanocomposites

NPs

Nanoparticles

NR

Natural Rubber

NBR

Acrylonitrile–Butadiene Rubber

NBR

Nitrile Rubber

SiC

Silicon Carbide

SBR

Styrene Butadiene Rubber

SWCNT

Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Tg

Glass Transition Temperature

XSBR

Carboxylated Styrene Butadiene Rubber

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author’s are thankful to their respective universities for providing internet facilities for collecting the research paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Imran Khan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohd Amil Usmani
    • 2
  • Aamir H. Bhat
    • 3
  • Jahangir Ahmad Rather
    • 1
  • Syed Imran Hassan
    • 1
  • Abdul Mumam
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, College of ScienceSultan Qaboos UniversityMuscatOman
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryEritrea Institute of TechnologyAsmaraEritrea
  3. 3.Department of Fundamental and Applied SciencesUniversiti Teknologi Petronas MalaysiaTronohMalaysia

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