Characterization and Properties of Rattan Fibre/Natural Rubber Biocomposites

  • Komethi Muniandy
  • Nadras OthmanEmail author
  • Hanafi Ismail
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Natural rubber (NR) composites were prepared by the incorporation of Rattan (Calamus Manan) fibre (RF) at filler loading range of 0–30 phr into a NR matrix with a laboratory size two roll mill. Degradation of rattan fibre filled natural rubber composites (NR/RF) is studied by conducting natural weathering and soil burial test as a function of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (AMEO) as coupling agent and partial replacement of RF with commercial fillers such as carbon black, mica and calcium carbonate. 1 phr of AMEO was added into the NR/RF composites, while, the RF/commercial filler ratio was fixed to 30 phr. The natural weathering and soil burial test were carried out in the outdoor exposed rack and garden soil respectively, for six months. Deterioration in the properties of NR/RF composites was observed for both soil buried and weathered composites which indicates that the composites had undergone biodegradation and photo-oxidative degradation process with respect to soil burial and natural weathering tests. The degradation of the composites was further confirmed by SEM and FTIR studies.


Natural rubber Rattan Biodegradation Natural weathering 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Komethi Muniandy
    • 1
  • Nadras Othman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hanafi Ismail
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials and Mineral Resources EngineeringUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia

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