Kenaf-Biocomposites: Manufacturing, Characterization, and Applications

  • Majid Niaz Akhtar
  • Abu Bakar Sulong
  • Muhammad Shahid Nazir
  • Khaliq MajeedEmail author
  • Mohd. Khairul Fadzly Radzi
  • Nur Farhani Ismail
  • Muhammad Rafi Raza
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Given the environmental issues faced by the industry, the development of engineering products from natural resources has increased worldwide. The increasing demand for cost and weight reduction can be attained by sustainable manufacturing techniques. Kenaf plants are natural resources, which show high performance compared with other natural fibers. Kenaf fibers can be modified by physical and chemical methods. Kenaf polymer composites are fabricated via processing technologies based on thermoforming, thermoplastics, and thermosets. Thermoplastic processes, such as compression molding, pultrusion, extrusion, and solution blending, have been adapted but are limited to two-dimensional structures based on polymer composites. However, the thermoset processes include sheet molding and resin transfer molding techniques, which were also employed for the fabrication of kenaf polymer composites. Most of the recent work discussed Kenaf-Reinforced Composites (KRCs) prepared by compression molding. However, resin transfer molding has received attention because of its versatility. This chapter aimed to highlight and explore advance research related to the fabrication of kenaf polymer composites by various routes, as well as their physical and mechanical properties. A brief description of KRCs with different additives, fiber loadings, treatment, and polymers is also discussed. Furthermore, these KRCs with versatile mechanical properties may be used for construction, building materials, animal beds, corrosion resistance, marine, electrical, transportation, and automotive applications.


Natural fibers Injection moulding Compression moulding Resin transfer moulding Physical properties Mechanical properties Automation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Majid Niaz Akhtar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abu Bakar Sulong
    • 1
  • Muhammad Shahid Nazir
    • 3
  • Khaliq Majeed
    • 3
    Email author
  • Mohd. Khairul Fadzly Radzi
    • 1
  • Nur Farhani Ismail
    • 1
  • Muhammad Rafi Raza
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built EnvironmentUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)SelangorMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsCOMSATS Institute of Information TechnologyLahorePakistan
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringCOMSATS Institute of Information TechnologyLahorePakistan
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringCOMSATS Institute of Information TechnologySahiwalPakistan

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