Expert Material Selection for Manufacturing of Green Bio Composites

  • B. A. Ahmed AliEmail author
  • Salit Mohd Sapuan
  • Mohammad Jawaid
  • M. L. Sanyang
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


The innovation in material science reveals more materials day by day and the material database grows exponentially. The conventional material selection systems fail to handle this large material database. The explosion all over the world is increasingly using the computing power to solve complex problems. Accordingly, it is applied in the field of engineering to obtain an optimum solution. The Expert System is a computer application that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert for a specific task. This chapter presents a brief perception of implementing the expert systems for material selection of green bio composites. Due to the increasing ecological problem the synthetic materials are being reduced in the manufacturing industry and replaced by so called “bio composite” materials. The bio composites have different fibre orientations, matrices and constitutions would result in diverse characteristics in physical, mechanical, thermal and environmental properties. These dissimilar attributes of bio composites would increase the challenges for the material selection process. Hence, few case studies with automotive interior components are discussed for better understanding and to show the implementation of the expert system for the material selection of green bio composites. The result shows that these expert system has dramatically advanced the material selection to enforce green technology and sustainability in manufacturing and design.


Material selection Expert system Bio composites Automotive Manufacturing Sustainability 


  1. Aji IS, Sapuan SM, Zainudin ES, Abdan K (2009) Kenaf fibres as reinforcement for polymeric composites: a review. Int J Mech Mater Eng 4(3):239–248Google Scholar
  2. Ashby MF (2005) Materials selection in mechanical design. Butterworth-Heinemann, BurlingtonGoogle Scholar
  3. Bachtiar D (2008) Mechanical properties of alkali-treated sugar palm (arengapinnata) fibre-reinforced epoxy composites. MSc Thesis, Universiti Putra MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  4. Djassemi M (2009) A computer-based approach to material and process selection using sustainability and ecological criteria. J Manuf Technol Manage 20:975–988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. El-Shekeil YA, Sapuan SM, Khalina A, Zainudin ES, Al-Shuja’a OM (2012) Effect of alkali treatment on mechanical and thermal properties of Kenaffiber-reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane composite. J Thermal Anal Calorim 109(3):1435–1443Google Scholar
  6. Grassie N, Scott G (1988) Polymer degradation and stabilisation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  7. Hambali A, Sapuan SM, Ismail N, Nukman Y (2010) Material selection of the polymeric composite automotive bumper beam using analytical hierarchy process. J Central South Univ Technol 17:244–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ishak MR, Leman Z, Sapuan SM, Rahman MZA, Anwar UMK (2011) Effects of impregnation time on physical and tensile properties of impregnated sugar palm (Arengapinnata) fibres. Key Eng Mater 471:1147–1152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jahan A, Yusof Ismail M, Faizal M, Sapuan SM (2010) Material selection based on ordinal data. Mater Des 31:3180–3187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lan Y, Guan Z, Jiao Q, Xu G (2011) A web-based computer-aided material-selection system for aircraft design. J Comput 6(5):976–983Google Scholar
  11. Laudon KC, Laudon JP (2002) Essential of management information systems, 5th edn. Prentice Hall, Englewood cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
  12. Leman Z (2009) Mechanical properties of sugar palm fibre-reinforced epoxy composites. PhD Thesis, Universiti Putra MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  13. Lithner D, Larrson A, Dave G (2011) Environmental and health hazard ranking and assessment of plastic polymers based on chemical composition. Sci Total Environ 409:3309–3324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lucintel (2011) Opportunities in natural fibre composites. Lucintel Publication, TX, USAGoogle Scholar
  15. Milanese AC, Cioffi MOH, Voorwald HJC (2011) Mechanical behaviour of natural fibre composites. Procedia Eng 10:2022–2027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mockler RJ, Dologite DG, Gartenfeld ME (2000) Talk with the experts: learning management decision-making using CAI. Cybern Syst Int J 31:431–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mohanty AK, Misra M, Drzal LT, Selke SE, Harte BR, Hinrichsen G (2005) Natural fibres, biopolymers, and biocomposites: An introduction. In: Mohanty AK, Misra M, Drzal LT (eds) Natural fibres, Biopolymers and Biocomposites. CRC Press, London Google Scholar
  18. Mumtaz I, Ihsan HS, Fehim F, Orhan T, Cedimoglu IH (2013) An expert system based material selection approach to manufacturing. Mater Des 47:331–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Park HS, Dang XP (2011) Development of a fiber-reinforced plastic armrest frame for weight-reduced automobiles. Int J Automot Technol 12(1):83–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rao RV, Davim JP (2008) A decision-making framework model for material selection using a combined multiple attribute decision-making method. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 35:751–760Google Scholar
  21. Sapuan SM, Abdalla HS (1998) A prototype knowledge-based system for the material selection of polymeric-based composites for automotive components. Compos A Appl Sci Manuf 29A:731–742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sapuan SM (2001) A knowledge-based system for materials selection in mechanical engineering design. Mater Des 22(8):687–695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sapuan SM, Pua FL, El-Shekeil YA, AL-Oqla FM (2013) Mechanical properties of soil buried kenaf fibre reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane composites. Mater Des 50:467–470Google Scholar
  24. Saaty TL, Vargas LG (2012) Models, methods, concepts & applications of the analytic hierarchy process, 2nd edn. Springer New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Shen L, Worrell E, Patel M (2010) Present and future development in plastics from biomass. Biofuels Bioprod Biorefin 4(1):25–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Stephane F, Sylvie B (2013) Comparison of biodegradability of various polypropylene films containing pro-oxidant additives based on Mn, Mn/Fe or Co. Polym Degradable Stab 98:875–884CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stewart R (2010) Automotive composites offer lighter solutions. Reinf Plast 54(2):22–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wirawan R, Sapuan SM, Yunus R, Khalina A (2011) The effects of Sugar removal and chemical treatments on the tensile properties of sugarcane bagasse filled poly(vinyl chloride). J Compos Mater 45:1667–1674CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zainudin ES, Sapuan SM (2009) Impact strength and hardness properties of banana pseudo-stem filled unplastisized PVC composites. Multidiscipline Model Mater Struct 5(3):277–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. A. Ahmed Ali
    • 1
    Email author
  • Salit Mohd Sapuan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mohammad Jawaid
    • 2
  • M. L. Sanyang
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Advanced TechnologyUniversiti Putra MalaysiaUPM SerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest ProductsUniversiti Putra MalaysiaUPM SerdangMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing EngineeringUniversiti Putra MalaysiaUPM SerdangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations