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Efficient Large Scale Image Classification via Prediction Score Decomposition

  • Duy-Dinh Le
  • Tien-Dung Mai
  • Shin’ichi Satoh
  • Thanh Duc Ngo
  • Duc Anh Duong
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9910)

Abstract

There has been growing interest in reducing the test time complexity of multi-class classification problems with large numbers of classes. The key idea to solve it is to reduce the number of classifier evaluations used to predict labels. The state-of-the-art methods usually employ the label tree approach that usually suffers the well-know error propagation problem and it is difficult for parallelization for further speedup. We propose another practical approach, with the same goal of using a small number of classifiers to achieve a good trade-off between testing efficiency and classification accuracy. The proposed method analyzes the correlation among classes, suppresses redundancy, and generates a small number of classifiers that best approximate the prediction scores of the original large number of classes. Different from label-tree methods in which each test example follows a different traversing path from the root to a leaf node and results in a different set of classifiers each time, the proposed method applies the same set of classifiers to all test examples. As a result, it is much more efficient in practice, even in the case of using the same number of classifier evaluations as the label-tree methods. Experiments on several large datasets including ILSVRC2010-1K, SUN-397, and Caltech-256 show the efficiency of our method.

Keywords

Large scale classification Label tree Matrix decomposition 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This research is funded by Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City (VNU-HCM) under grant number B2015-26-01.

Supplementary material

419981_1_En_46_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (52 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (pdf 51 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Duy-Dinh Le
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tien-Dung Mai
    • 1
  • Shin’ichi Satoh
    • 2
  • Thanh Duc Ngo
    • 1
  • Duc Anh Duong
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Information Technology, VNU-HCMHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  2. 2.National Institute of InformaticsTokyoJapan

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